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Sources, distribution and behaviour of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in the Tamar Estuary, UK

AutorGuitart, Carlos ; Bayona Termens, Josep María; Readman, James W.
Palabras claveEstuary
Salinity effects
Setschenow constant
Headspace SPME
Fecha de publicación13-ago-2004
CitaciónChemosphere 57(6): 429-437 (2004)
ResumenNegligible information is currently available concerning levels of the fuel additive methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) in European estuaries or coastal environments. MTBE was measured at selected potentially contaminated harbours and marinas, and throughout an axial transect of the Tamar Estuary, UK. Headspace solid-phase microextraction was used in combination with GC–MS for its determination. MTBE was detected in water samples from all stations at concentrations ranging from a few ng/l to a maximum of 194 ng/l (in a semi-enclosed harbour). Elevated levels were generally associated with motor vehicle and boating activities. The Tamar road and rail bridges provided a major input to the lower estuary, downstream of which conservative mixing appeared depressed, probably through volatilisation and possibly through salting-out. The selected analytical system (using a Carboxen/PDMS fiber) proved both rapid and highly sensitive (with a detection limit of 6 ng/l). During method development, salinity was shown to have a major influence in controlling the extraction efficiency and it was found necessary to adjust salinity in all samples (to 75% saturation) prior to extraction. From these tests, we (for the first time) estimated the Setschenow (“salting-out”) constant of MTBE to be 0.11 l/mol.
Descripción9 pages, 5 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 15350404 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Nov 2004.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2004.07.003
ISSN0045-6535 (Print)
1879-1298 (Online)
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