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Antiviral activity of alginate-oleic acid based coatings incorporating green tea extract on strawberries and raspberries

AuthorsFalcó, Irene; Flores Meraz, Patricia L.; Randazzo, Walter; Sánchez Moragas, Gloria ; López-Rubio, Amparo ; Fabra, María José
KeywordsEdible coatings
Foodborne viruses
Green tea extract
Issue Date31-Aug-2018
CitationFood Hydrocolloids 87: 611-618 (2018)
AbstractFoodborne illnesses caused by the consumption of berries contaminated with human enteric viruses, namely human noroviruses (NoVs) and the hepatitis A virus (HAV), remain a significant food safety concern. The objective of this research was to investigate a food-grade edible coating composed of alginate/oleic and containing green tea extract (GTE) as an antiviral agent for the preservation of fresh strawberries and raspberries. Berries were stored at ambient (25 °C) temperature and refrigerated (10 °C) conditions. Initially, the effect of the pH of the film-forming dispersions (FFD) on their antioxidant and antiviral activity was analysed. Then, the physicochemical properties of edible alginate-oleic acid coatings containing GTE were studied, and finally, their antiviral efficacy when applied onto strawberries and raspberries at 10 and 25 °C was evaluated. The results showed that the antioxidant properties of the films were not pH-dependent, but the antiviral activity was higher at a pH 5.5. The infectivity of the murine norovirus (MNV), a human norovirus surrogate, and HAV in fresh strawberries after the coating treatments was reduced by approximately 1.5–2 log during the 4-days storage period at 10 °C as compared to the controls and a complete inactivation of both viruses was observed after overnight storage at 25 °C. However, the efficacy of the GTE-coatings was slightly reduced on the raspberries, probably due to the difference in the amount of coating that adhered to their surface (4.64 ± 0.23 g and 1.54 ± 0.15 g⋅cm−2 for strawberries or raspberries, respectively). Therefore, this paper reports, for the first time, the potential of antiviral edible coatings to improve the safety of berries against foodborne pathogens.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.foodhyd.2018.08.055
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