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dc.contributor.authorPardo de Santayana, Manueles_ES
dc.contributor.authorBenítez, Guillermoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarcía, Celiaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMolina, Maríaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorAceituno-Mata, Lauraes_ES
dc.contributor.authorAcosta-Naranjo, Rufinoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorÁlvarez, Arnoldoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorBarroso, Estelaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorBlanco Salas, Josées_ES
dc.contributor.authorBonet, Maria Angelses_ES
dc.contributor.authorCalvet-Mir, Lauraes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCarrió, Esperançaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorCavero, Ritaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorD'Ambrosio, Ugoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorDelgado, Luises_ES
dc.contributor.authorFajardo, Josées_ES
dc.contributor.authorFernández Ordóñez, UInéses_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarcía Botía, Josées_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarnatje, Teresaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGonzález, José Antonioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGonzález Tejero, Reyeses_ES
dc.contributor.authorGras, Airyes_ES
dc.contributor.authorHernández Bermejo, Estebanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorLaguna, Emilioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorLatorre, Juan A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorLópez, C.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorMacía, Manuel J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorMarcos, E.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorMartínez-Francés, Vanessaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMenéndez-Baceta, Gorkaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMolina, Maríaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMorales Valverde, Ramónes_ES
dc.contributor.authorMuñoz Centeno, Luz Mªes_ES
dc.contributor.authorObón, Concepciónes_ES
dc.contributor.authorOntillera, Ricardoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorParada, Montserrates_ES
dc.contributor.authorPerdomo Molina, Antonioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorPérez, I.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorPuchades, M. Piedades_ES
dc.contributor.authorReyes-García, Victoriaes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRigat, Montserrates_ES
dc.contributor.authorRíos, Segundoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRivera, Diegoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, R.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorRodríguez, Octavioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorRoldán, Rodrigoes_ES
dc.contributor.authorSan Joaquín, Luises_ES
dc.contributor.authorTardío Pato, Javieres_ES
dc.contributor.authorVallejo, José Ramónes_ES
dc.contributor.authorVallès, Joanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorVelasco, Honorioes_ES
dc.contributor.authorVerde, Alonsoes_ES
dc.descriptionTrabajo presentado en la 58th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany (Living in a global world: local knowledge ans sustainability), celebrada en Braganza (Portugal) del 4 al 9 de junio de 2017.-- IECTB authors: L Aceituno, R Acosta, A Alvarez, E Barroso, J Blanco, MA Bonet, L Calvet, E Carrio, R Cavero, U DAmbrosio , L Delgado, J Fajardo, I Fernandez-Ordonez, J Garcia, T Garnatje, JA Gonzalez, R Gonzalez-Tejero, A Gras, E Hernandez-Bermejo, E Laguna, JA Latorre, C. Lopez, MJ Macia, E Marcos, V Martinez, G Menendez, M Molina, R Morales, LM Munoz, C Obon, R Ontillera, M Parada, A Perdomo, I Perez, MP Puchades, V Reyes-Garcia, M Rigat, S Rios, D Rivera, R Rodriguez, O Rodriguez, R Roldan, L San Joaquin, FJ Tardio, JR Vallejo, J Valles, H Velasco and A Verde.es_ES
dc.description.abstractMore than 17,000 of the plant species of the world have been used as medicines. The Mediterranean basin, and specifically Spain, has a great floristic and ethnobotanical richness, comprising its useful flora around 3,000 plant species. This paper studies medicinal plants traditionally used in Spain in order to analyze the sustainability of their exploitation. Given that sustainability is related to the amount of the resource and its gathering pressure, its availability and cultural importance were analysed based on: the number of papers cited from a selection of over 180 papers, the number of 10x10 km UTM grid cells in which the plants were represented, the number of phytosociological inventories in which the presence of the plant has been registered, and searched on their current conservation status in European, national and regional legislations. The total number of wild or naturalized medicinal species in Spain reaches 1,393, 15% of them being endemic. A positive correlation was found among cultural importance and abundance (ρ=0.48) and among cultural importance and distribution (ρ=0.502), showing that abundant widely distributed species are those more commonly used. Most of the medicinal plants (72%) do not appear on the consulted regulations and do not have any legal protection or known threat and only 11 species are registered in any of the annexes of the European Habitats directive. While this study confirms that people tend to select as medicinal abundant and widely distributed species, many other criteria are used for selecting them.es_ES
dc.titleSustainability of traditional ecological knowledge: importance, distribution, endemicity and conservation of Spanish medicinal plantses_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
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