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Sustainability of traditional ecological knowledge: importance, distribution, endemicity and conservation of Spanish medicinal plants

AuthorsPardo de Santayana, Manuel ; Benítez, Guillermo; García, Celia; Molina, María; Aceituno-Mata, Laura; Acosta-Naranjo, Rufino; Álvarez, Arnoldo; Barroso, Estela; Blanco Salas, José; Bonet, Maria Angels; Calvet-Mir, Laura; Carrió, Esperança; Cavero, Rita; D'Ambrosio, Ugo; Delgado, Luis; Fajardo, José; Fernández Ordóñez, UInés; García Botía, José; Garnatje, Teresa CSIC ORCID CVN ; González, José Antonio; González Tejero, Reyes; Gras, Airy CSIC ORCID ; Hernández Bermejo, Esteban; Laguna, Emilio; Latorre, Juan A.; López, C.; Macía, Manuel J.; Marcos, E.; Martínez-Francés, Vanessa; Menéndez-Baceta, Gorka; Molina, María; Morales Valverde, Ramón CSIC ORCID ; Muñoz Centeno, Luz Mª; Obón, Concepción; Ontillera, Ricardo; Parada, Montserrat; Perdomo Molina, Antonio; Pérez, I.; Puchades, M. Piedad; Reyes-García, Victoria; Rigat, Montserrat; Ríos, Segundo; Rivera, Diego; Rodríguez, R.; Rodríguez, Octavio; Roldán, Rodrigo; San Joaquín, Luis; Tardío Pato, Javier; Vallejo, José Ramón; Vallès, Joan; Velasco, Honorio; Verde, Alonso
Issue DateJun-2017
AbstractMore than 17,000 of the plant species of the world have been used as medicines. The Mediterranean basin, and specifically Spain, has a great floristic and ethnobotanical richness, comprising its useful flora around 3,000 plant species. This paper studies medicinal plants traditionally used in Spain in order to analyze the sustainability of their exploitation. Given that sustainability is related to the amount of the resource and its gathering pressure, its availability and cultural importance were analysed based on: the number of papers cited from a selection of over 180 papers, the number of 10x10 km UTM grid cells in which the plants were represented, the number of phytosociological inventories in which the presence of the plant has been registered, and searched on their current conservation status in European, national and regional legislations. The total number of wild or naturalized medicinal species in Spain reaches 1,393, 15% of them being endemic. A positive correlation was found among cultural importance and abundance (ρ=0.48) and among cultural importance and distribution (ρ=0.502), showing that abundant widely distributed species are those more commonly used. Most of the medicinal plants (72%) do not appear on the consulted regulations and do not have any legal protection or known threat and only 11 species are registered in any of the annexes of the European Habitats directive. While this study confirms that people tend to select as medicinal abundant and widely distributed species, many other criteria are used for selecting them.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado en la 58th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany (Living in a global world: local knowledge ans sustainability), celebrada en Braganza (Portugal) del 4 al 9 de junio de 2017.-- IECTB authors: L Aceituno, R Acosta, A Alvarez, E Barroso, J Blanco, MA Bonet, L Calvet, E Carrio, R Cavero, U DAmbrosio , L Delgado, J Fajardo, I Fernandez-Ordonez, J Garcia, T Garnatje, JA Gonzalez, R Gonzalez-Tejero, A Gras, E Hernandez-Bermejo, E Laguna, JA Latorre, C. Lopez, MJ Macia, E Marcos, V Martinez, G Menendez, M Molina, R Morales, LM Munoz, C Obon, R Ontillera, M Parada, A Perdomo, I Perez, MP Puchades, V Reyes-Garcia, M Rigat, S Rios, D Rivera, R Rodriguez, O Rodriguez, R Roldan, L San Joaquin, FJ Tardio, JR Vallejo, J Valles, H Velasco and A Verde.
Appears in Collections:(IBB) Comunicaciones congresos
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