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Sharing Plant Uses with Animals: Plants Used for Feeding and Curing Humans and Animals in the Spanish Inventory of Traditional Knowledge Related to Biodiversity

AuthorsPardo de Santayana, Manuel ; Aceituno-Mata, Laura; Acosta-Naranjo, Rufino; Álvarez, Arnoldo; Barroso, Estela; Blanco Salas, José; Bonet, Maria Angels; Carrió, Esperança; Cavero, Rita; D'Ambrosio, Ugo; Delgado, Luis; Fajardo, José; Fernández Ordóñez, UInés; Fernández Reppetto, Ana; García Botía, José; Garnatje, Teresa CSIC ORCID CVN ; González, José Antonio; González Tejero, Reyes; Gras, Airy CSIC ORCID ; Hernández Bermejo, Esteban; Latorre, Juan A.; Macía, Manuel J.; Martínez-Francés, Vanessa; Menéndez-Baceta, Gorka; Molina, María; Morales Valverde, Ramón CSIC ORCID ; Muñoz Centeno, Luz Mª; Obón, Concepción; Ontillera, Ricardo; Ríos, Segundo; Parada, Montserrat; Perdomo Molina, Antonio; Puchades, M. Piedad; Reyes-García, Victoria; Rigat, Montserrat; Rivera, Diego; Rodríguez, Octavio; Roldán, Rodrigo; San Joaquín, Luis; Serrasolses, Ginesta; Tardío Pato, Javier; Vallejo, José Ramón; Vallès, Joan; Velasco, Honorio; Verde, Alonso
KeywordsMedicinal plants
Traditional ecological knowledge
Issue DateJun-2016
Citation57th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany (2016)
AbstractSpain has a very rich and dynamic traditional ecological knowledge system that has suffered severe erosion over the last decades. This knowledge has been deeply influenced by a rich and diverse historical heritage that includes many centuries old documents from ancient cultures, some over 2000 years old. Spanish acute useful flora comprises around 3,000 species, most of them autochthonous. A team of more than 70 scientists from more than 30 universities and other research centres are developing the Spanish Inventory of Traditional Knowledge. The inventory includes a database with information from over180 papers. The review of such papers showed that more than 2,300 plant species are used in human and animal food and medicine: 1,681 in human medicine, 1,295 in animal food, 953 in human food and 709 in veterinary medicine. Nearly 14% of the species (313) are shared in the four categories and a very important amount of species are used both for humans and animals: 35% of the species (800) are employed in animal food and medicine, 31% (710) in human food and medicine, 28% (650) in human and veterinary medicine and 27% (624) in animal and human food. This high percentage of overlap between human and animal uses may indicate that the observation of animal behaviour , specially feeding and selfmedication behaviours, might have given clues to humans on how to use food and medicinal plants[Lo1]. It also reinforces the idea that food and medicine represent a continuum not only for humans, but also for animals.
DescriptionTrabajo presentado en la 57th Annual Meeting of the Society for Economic Botany (Cultural resilience and resource extraction: preserving plants & people of degraded ecosystems), celebrada en Pine Mountain (USA) del 5 al 9 de junio de 2016.
Appears in Collections:(IBB) Comunicaciones congresos
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