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Título

The performance of Adara as a cherry rootstock

AutorMoreno Sánchez, María Ángeles ; Montañés Millán, Luis ; Tabuenca Abadía, María de la Concepción ; Cambra Ruiz de Velasco, Rafael
Palabras clavePrunus spp.
Vigour
Yield
Yield efficiency
Fruit weight
Mineral elements
Fecha de publicación1-abr-1996
EditorElsevier
CitaciónScientia Horticulturae 65(1): 85-91 (1996)
ResumenThe field performance of Adara (Prunus cerasifera L.), SL 64 (Prunus mahaleb) and Colt (Prunus avium X Prunus pseudocerasus) rootstocks grafted with two sweet cherry cultivars (Prunus avium L. cvs. ‘Van’ and ‘Tardif de Vignola’), were tested for 12 years on a calcareous clay-loam soil which was flood irrigated. No tree grafted on Adara died during the experiment. The percentage of dead trees of ‘Tardif de Vignola’ on SL 64 and Colt reached 63% and 19%, respectively. The percentage of dead trees of ‘Van’ was 19% when grafted on SL 64 and 6% on Colt. For ‘Van’ scion, Adara was the most invigorating rootstock and showed the greatest yield efficiency and cumulative production after 12 years. For ‘Tardif de Vignola’ scion, Adara also gave greater cumulative production, mean fruit weight, and vigour than SL 64 and Colt. Leaf mineral analysis of ‘Van’ trees showed a mineral element concentration closer to the optimum for the trees grafted on Adara than for those grafted on SL 64 and Colt. According to our results, Adara seems to be a suitable rootstock for cherry cultivars to avoid root asphyxia in heavy soils and/or under flood irrigation conditions, where other rootstocks fail to survive. Similarly, it also performs well in calcareous soils, which are not favourable for other cherry rootstocks.
Descripción7 pages, 1 figure, 3 tables. The definitive version is available at: http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/journal/03044238
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/0304-4238(95)00862-4
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/17207
DOI10.1016/0304-4238(95)00862-4
ISSN0304-4238
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