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Title

The functional response in pelagic copepods

AuthorsKiørboe, Thomas; Saiz, Enric ; Tiselius, Peter
KeywordsPredation risk
Feeding activity
Issue Date9-May-2016
PublisherInternational Council for the Exploration of the Sea
CitationICES/PICES 6th Zooplankton Production Symposium (2016)
AbstractThe functional response in feeding rate to prey concentration is the main determinant of trophic interactions, yet the shape of the functional response and the mechanisms that govern it remain controversial for pelagic copepods. We developed and tested a simple functional response optimization model that considers predation risk and metabolic expenses. The model predicts that feeding activity in feeding-current and cruise feeding copepods should be highest at intermediate prey concentrations, and decrease at both higher and lower prey availabilities; this generates a sigmoid Holling type III functional response. Passively ambush feeding copepods should, in contrast, have a type II functional response. We tested model prediction by examining the prey-concentration-dependent feeding behaviour in 3 species of copepods, Acartia tonsa, Temora longicornis, and Centropages hamatus. We used video recording to quantify feeding behaviour (time spent feeding; appendage beat frequency; swimming velocity, etc) and found significant differences between species: A. tonsa behaves as predicted, while the behaviour of T. longicornis and C. hamatus were independent of prey availability. A review of literature reports on observed shapes of the functional response showed that ambush feeders almost consistently have a type II response, while feeding-current and cruise feeding copepods have either a type II or type III response, consistent with model predictions and - partly - behavioural observations
DescriptionInternational Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) / North Pacific Marine Science Organization (PICES), 6th Zooplankton Production Symposium, New Challenges in a Changing Ocean, 9-13 May 2016, Bergen, Norway.-- 1 page
Publisher version (URL)http://www.ices.dk/news-and-events/symposia/zp6/ZPS%20%20Abstracts%202016/Forms/AllItems.aspx?RootFolder=%2Fnews%2Dand%2Devents%2Fsymposia%2Fzp6%2FZPS%20%20Abstracts%202016%2FS6%20%2D%20Individual%20level%20responses%20of%20zooplankton%20to%20environmental%20variability%20and%20climate%20change%E2%80%8B&FolderCTID=0x01200033923C9DD26B3640BE13769F0DE383E1&View=%7B81FC7E92%2D2313%2D46C2%2DA46C%2D40CFF96A7479%7D
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/172066
Appears in Collections:(ICM) Comunicaciones congresos
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