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Title

Cracking the Code of Biodiversity Responses to Past Climate Change

AuthorsNogués-Bravo, David CSIC ORCID; Rodríguez-Sánchez, Francisco CSIC ORCID; Orsini, L.; de Boer, E.J. ; Jansson, Roland; Morlon, H.; Fordham, Damien A.; Jackson, Stephen T.
Keywordsadaptation
dispersal
extinction
models
experiments
paleoecology
forecast
Issue DateOct-2018
PublisherElsevier
CitationTrends in Ecology and Evolution, 33(10): 765-776 (2018)
AbstractHow individual species and entire ecosystems will respond to future climate change are among the most pressing questions facing ecologists. Past biodiversity dynamics recorded in the paleoecological archives show a broad array of responses, yet significant knowledge gaps remain. In particular, the relative roles of evolutionary adaptation, phenotypic plasticity, and dispersal in promoting survival during times of climate change have yet to be clarified. Investigating the paleo-archives offers great opportunities to understand biodiversity responses to future climate change. In this review we discuss the mechanisms by which biodiversity responds to environmental change, and identify gaps of knowledge on the role of range shifts and tolerance. We also outline approaches at the intersection of paleoecology, genomics, experiments, and predictive models that will elucidate the processes by which species have survived past climatic changes and enhance predictions of future changes in biological diversity.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tree.2018.07.005
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/172043
DOI10.1016/j.tree.2018.07.005
ISSN0169-5347
E-ISSN1872-8383
Appears in Collections:(Geo3Bcn) Artículos

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