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Single and competitive adsorptive removal of lead, cadmium, and mercury using zeolite adsorbent prepared from industrial aluminum waste

AuthorsSánchez-Hernández, R.; Padilla, Isabel ; López-Andrés, Sol; López-Delgado, Aurora
KeywordsHeavy metal
Endocrine disruptor
NaP1 zeolite
Adsorption kinetic
Equilibrium isotherm
Competitive adsorption
Water treatment
Issue Date2018
PublisherTaylor & Francis
CitationDesalination and Water Treatment 126: 181-195
AbstractThe removal of Pb2+, Cd2+, and Hg2+, which act as endocrine disruptors, from aqueous solutions was performed using a NaP1-type zeolite synthesized from a hazardous aluminum waste. The effects of parameters such as pH, contact time, adsorbent dose, initial cation concentration, and coexisting cations on the adsorption efficiency and capacity of the adsorbent were evaluated. Single-cation adsorption was found to be a fast process well described by the pseudo-second-order kinetic model. Equilibrium was reached in the first 15 min achieving high removal efficiencies: 98.9%, 93.3%, and 99.3% for Pb2+, Cd2+, and Hg2+, respectively. The removal of the metal cations could occur via a homogeneous and physical adsorption process that was satisfactorily described by the Sips isotherm. The maximum adsorption capacities, obtained from the Sips isotherm model, were 245.75, 4.43, and 0.22 mg/g for Pb2+, Cd2+, and Hg2+, respectively. In multi-cation adsorption, the zeolite presented the greatest affinity for Pb2+ (due to its smallest cationic size) compared with Cd2+ and Hg2+. The Pb2+ removal efficiency remained practically constant in presence of Hg2+ and Cd2+, reaching efficiencies near 100% at very low contact times (<5 min). Thus, this zeolite could become an alternative adsorbent to eliminate heavy metals from waters. A synergic effect on the environmental protection could be achieved: the end-ofwaste condition of a hazardous waste as well as the water decontamination
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.5004/dwt.2018.22816
Appears in Collections:(CENIM) Artículos
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