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Expression of genes involved in metabolism of phenolic compounds by Lactobacillus pentosus and its relevance for table-olive fermentations

AuthorsCarrasco, José Antonio; Lucena-Padrós, Helena ; Brenes Balbuena, Manuel ; Ruiz-Barba, José Luis
KeywordsLactobacillus pentosus
Olive fermentation
Issue DateDec-2018
CitationFood Microbiology 76: 382-389 (2018)
AbstractGenes with the potential to code for enzymes involved in phenolic compound metabolism were detected in the genome of Lactobacillus pentosus IG1, isolated from a green olive fermentation. Based on homology, these genes could code for a 6-P-β Glucosidase, two different Tannases, a Gallate decarboxylase and a p-Coumaric decarboxylase. Expression of up to seven of these genes was studied in L. pentosus IG1 (olive fermentation) and CECT4023T (corn silage), including responses upon exposure to relevant phenolic compounds and different olive extracts. Genes potentially coding Tannase, Gallate decarboxylase and p-Coumaric acid decarboxylase significatively increased their expression upon exposure to such compounds and extracts, although it was strain dependent. In general, both the genetic organization and the characteristics of gene expression resembled very much those described for Lactobacillus plantarum. In accordance to the observed induced gene expression, metabolism of specific phenolic compounds was achieved by L. pentosus. Thus, methyl gallate, gallic acid and the hydroxycinamic acids p-coumaric, caffeic and ferulic were metabolized. In addition, the amount of phenolics such as tyrosol, oleuropein, rutin and verbascoside included in a minimal culture medium was noticeably reduced, again dependent on the strain considered.
Description42 Páginas; 2 Figuras; 3 Tablas; 4 Figuras suplementarias; 4 Tablas suplementarias
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.fm.2018.06.020
Appears in Collections:(IG) Artículos
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