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Evaluation of ionic liquid gas chromatography stationary phases for the separation of polychlorinated biphenyls

AuthorsRos, M.; Escobar-Arnanz, Juan; Sanz, M. Luz ; Ramos, Lourdes
KeywordsPolychlorinated biphenylsa
Gas chromatography
Ionic liquid stationary phases
Issue Date2018
CitationJournal of chromatography. A 1559: 156-163 (2018)
AbstractThe feasibility of six ionic liquid- (IL-) based stationary phases for the analysis of environmentally important polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs) by gas chromatography combined with either electron capture micro-detector (GC-micro-ECD) or quadrupole mass spectrometry (GC–MS, for confirmation) have been evaluated. These IL-based columns showed a separation mechanism different from that observed for other commercial phases, such a low bleed high temperature 8% phenyl (equiv.) polycarborane-siloxane suggested shape-selective phase for non-ortho and mono-ortho-CBs, HT-8, or a polar poly(ethylene glycol), resulting in a different elution order of the 69 investigated PCBs. However, no all phases provided equality satisfactory resolutions for the most environmentally relevant congeners, the 12 toxic and the 7 priority PCBs. From this point of view, the best results were obtained with the SLB-IL76 and SLB-IL59 phases, which showed a number of coelutions for these specific congeners only slightly higher to that observed on HT-8. Interestingly, the SLB-IL59 phase was the only one among the evaluated phases allowing a complete resolution of the most toxic non-ortho substituted congeners # 77, 126 and 169 from all other PCBs investigated. SLB-IL76 and SLB-IL59 also demonstrated a superior chromatographic performance concerning peak symetry, retention time stability and column bleeding, compared to the other four IL-based columns evaluated. Altogether, results obtained for the analysis of pure standards illustrated the potential of, in particular, SLB-IL 59 as an alternative phase for confirmation of the identity of PCBs typically detected in environmental matrices that coeluted on conventional non-polar phases in use for this type of determination. However, the long-term stability and quantitative behaviour of these stationary phases during the analysis of real samples still need to be addressed.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chroma.2017.12.029
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.chroma.2017.12.029
issn: 0021-9673
e-issn: 1873-3778
Appears in Collections:(IQOG) Artículos
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