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Al-Waste-Based Zeolite Adsorbent Used for the Removal of Ammonium from Aqueous Solutions

AuthorsSánchez-Hernández, R. CSIC ORCID; Padilla, Isabel CSIC ORCID ; López-Andrés, Sol; López-Delgado, Aurora CSIC ORCID
KeywordsZeolite adsorbent
NaP1 zeolite
Removal ammonium
Issue Date2018
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
CitationInternational Journal of Chemical Engineering: 1256197 (2018)
AbstractThis work evaluates the use of a synthetic NaP1 zeolite obtained from a hazardous Al-containing waste for the removal of ammonium (NH4+) from aqueous solutions by batch experiments. Experimental parameters, such as pH (6–8), contact time (1–360 min), adsorbent dose (1–15 g/L), and initial NH4+ concentration (10–1500 mg/L), were evaluated. Adsorption kinetic models and equilibrium isotherms were determined by using nonlinear regression. The kinetic was studied by applying both the pseudo-first-order and pseudo-second-order models. The equilibrium isotherms were analyzed according to two-parameter equations (Freundlich, Langmuir, and Temkin) and three-parameter equations (Redlich–Peterson, Sips, and Toth). The results showed that the NH4+ uptake on NaP1 was fast (15 min) leading to a high experimental sorption capacity (37.9 mg/g). The NH4+ removal on NaP1 was a favorable process that followed the pseudo-first-order kinetic model. The NH4+ adsorption was better described by the Sips (54.2 mg/g) and Toth (58.5 mg/g) models. NaP1 zeolite from Al-waste showed good NH4+ sorption properties, becoming a potential adsorbent to be used in the treatment of contaminated aqueous effluents. Thus, a synergic effect on the environmental protection can be achieved: the end of waste condition of a hazardous waste and the water decontamination.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/1256197
Identifiersdoi: 10.1155/2018/1256197
issn: 1687-8078
Appears in Collections:(CENIM) Artículos
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