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dc.contributor.authorGras, Airyes_ES
dc.contributor.authorParada, Montserrates_ES
dc.contributor.authorRigat, Montserrates_ES
dc.contributor.authorVallès, Joanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorGarnatje, Teresaes_ES
dc.date.accessioned2018-10-15T12:49:28Z-
dc.date.available2018-10-15T12:49:28Z-
dc.date.issued2018-03-25-
dc.identifier.citationJournal of Ethnopharmacology 214: 244-273 (2018)es_ES
dc.identifier.issn0378-8741-
dc.identifier.urihttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/171047-
dc.description.abstract[Ethnopharmacological relevance] Most ethnobotanical research bases its analyses on individual taxa catalogues and their uses, rather than on mixtures. However, mixtures constitute an important chapter of our different lines of research and they represent a large volume of information. The relevance of these data in folk medicine could be explained as a response to the cure of multicausal etiology diseases or by a possible polyvalent effect of the mixture as opposed to the effect of each taxon alone.es_ES
dc.description.abstract[Aims of the study] The main goals are: i) to perform qualitative and quantitative analyses of these mixtures; ii) to carry out a comparison among the mixtures in two Catalan territories and their floristic composition; iii) to assess the worth of families association; and, iv) to evaluate whether the plants claimed to be used in mixtures have contraindications or possible negative interactions according to phytopharmaceutical literature. The ultimate goal is to test a protocol that can be implemented in similar studies.es_ES
dc.description.abstract[Materials and methods] We have used data on medicinal plant mixtures obtained from two extensive ethnobotanical field studies carried out in two Catalan districts, Alt Empordà and Ripollès. The quantitative analyses by means of descriptive statistics were carried out with Excel. New contributions like the implementation of the Shannon index to quantify the diversity of families in plant combinations, the creation of a new index to calculate the taxon importance in mixtures, or the use of a social network analysis to study the connection between botanical families have been employed in this work.es_ES
dc.description.abstract[Results] In total, a set of 484 mixtures from Alt Empordà and Ripollès (Catalonia, Iberian Peninsula) have been analysed: 462 for human use and 22 for veterinary. Thymus vulgaris and Rosmarinus officinalis are among the most commonly used species in mixtures. The aerial part of the plant is the most used, and the anticatarrhal usage is the most frequent in both territories. A wide diversity of families has been observed in mixtures and reflects a strong bond between the number of taxa and the number of families in each mixture, being almost equal to one. The Shannon diversity index applied to mixtures has the maximum value at 0.86. No exclusive plants are used in mixtures, as reflected on the index of taxon usefulness in mixtures (ITUM), proposed in the present work. The association of families is strong between Lamiaceae (12.12%) and Asteraceae with Lamiaceae (11.69%). Finally, the informant consensus factor (0.85) reflects the strong consistency of data reported by the interviewees.es_ES
dc.description.abstract[Conclusions] The present analysis has confirmed that it is possible to study the data of plants in mixtures as thoroughly as when they are considered in isolation in an ethnofloristic catalogue, and maybe this kind of ethnobotanical investigation could be a first step for future pharmacological studies that may result in a relevant complement to the current phytotherapy market.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThis research was supported by projects 2014SGR00514 from the Generalitat de Catalunya (Catalan Government), PRO2017-S02-VALLES from the Institut d’Estudis Catalans (IEC, Catalan Academy of Sciences and Humanities), and CSO2014-59704-P from the Spanish Government. A. Gras received a predoctoral grant of the Universitat de Barcelona (APIF 2015-2018).es_ES
dc.language.isoenges_ES
dc.publisherElsevieres_ES
dc.relationMINECO/ICTI2013-2016/CSO2014-59704-Pes_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPostprintes_ES
dc.rightsopenAccessen_EN
dc.subjectAlt Empordàes_ES
dc.subjectCataloniaes_ES
dc.subjectEthnobotanyes_ES
dc.subjectIndex of taxon usefulness in mixtures (ITUM)es_ES
dc.subjectMedicinal plant usees_ES
dc.subjectMixtureses_ES
dc.subjectRipollèses_ES
dc.titleFolk medicinal plant mixtures: Establishing a protocol for further studieses_ES
dc.typeartículoes_ES
dc.identifier.doihttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2017.12.014-
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.relation.publisherversionhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2017.12.014es_ES
dc.rights.licensehttp://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/-
dc.contributor.funderGeneralitat de Catalunyaes_ES
dc.contributor.funderInstitut d'Estudis Catalanses_ES
dc.contributor.funderMinisterio de Ciencia e Innovación (España)es_ES
dc.relation.csices_ES
oprm.item.hasRevisionno ko 0 false*
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100002809es_ES
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100004837es_ES
dc.identifier.funderhttp://dx.doi.org/10.13039/501100010770es_ES
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