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FleQ coordinates flagellum-dependent and -independent motilities in Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000

AuthorsNogales, Joaquina; Vargas, P.; Farias, Gabriela A.; Olmedilla, Adela; Sanjuán, Juan; Gallegos, María Trinidad CSIC ORCID
Issue Date2015
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationApplied and Environmental Microbiology 81: 7533- 7545 (2015)
Abstract© 2015, American Society for Microbiology. Motility plays an essential role in bacterial fitness and colonization in the plant environment, since it favors nutrient acquisition and avoidance of toxic substances, successful competition with other microorganisms, the ability to locate the preferred hosts, access to optimal sites within them, and dispersal in the environment during the course of transmission. In this work, we have observed that the mutation of the flagellar master regulatory gene, fleQ, alters bacterial surface motility and biosurfactant production, uncovering a new type of motility for Pseudomonas syringae pv. tomato DC3000 on semisolid surfaces. We present evidence that P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000 moves over semisolid surfaces by using at least two different types of motility, namely, swarming, which depends on the presence of flagella and syringafactin, a biosurfactant produced by this strain, and a flagellumindependent surface spreading or sliding, which also requires syringafactin. We also show that FleQ activates flagellum synthesis and negatively regulates syringafactin production in P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000. Finally, it was surprising to observe that mutants lacking flagella or syringafactin were as virulent as the wild type, and only the simultaneous loss of both flagella and syringafactin impairs the ability of P. syringae pv. tomato DC3000 to colonize tomato host plants and cause disease.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1128/AEM.01798-15
issn: 1098-5336
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