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Characterization of the peripheral thyroid system of gilthead seabream acclimated to different ambient salinities

AutorRuiz-Jarabo, Ignacio; Klaren, Peter H. M.; Louro, Bruno; Martos-Sitcha, Juan Antonio ; Pinto, P. I. S.; Vargas-Chacoff, Luis; Flik, Gert; Martínez-Rodríguez, Gonzalo ; Power, Deborah M.; Mancera, Juan Miguel; Arjona, F. J.
Palabras claveDeiodinases
Osmoregulation
Outer ring deiodination
Sparus aurata
Thyroid hormones
Fecha de publicaciónene-2017
EditorElsevier
CitaciónComparative Biochemistry and Physiology - A - Molecular and Integrative Physiology 203: 24-31 (2017)
ResumenThyroid hormones are involved in many developmental and physiological processes, including osmoregulation. The regulation of the thyroid system by environmental salinity in the euryhaline gilthead seabream (Sparus aurata) is still poorly characterized. To this end seabreams were exposed to four different environmental salinities (5, 15, 40 and 55 ppt) for 14 days, and plasma free thyroid hormones (fT3, fT4), outer ring deiodination and Na+/K+-ATPase activities in gills and kidney, as well as other osmoregulatory and metabolic parameters were measured. Low salinity conditions (5 ppt) elicited a significant increase in fT3 (29%) and fT4 (184%) plasma concentrations compared to control animals (acclimated to 40 ppt, natural salinity conditions in the Bay of Cádiz, Spain), while the amount of pituitary thyroid stimulating hormone subunit β (tshb) transcript abundance remained unchanged. In addition, plasma fT4 levels were positively correlated to renal and branchial deiodinase type 2 (dio2) mRNA expression. Gill and kidney T4-outer ring deiodination activities correlated positively with dio2 mRNA expression and the highest values were observed in fish acclimated to low salinities (5 and 15 ppt). The high salinity (55 ppt) exposure caused a significant increase in tshb expression (65%), but deiodinase gene expression (dio1 and dio2) and activity did not change and were similar to controls (40 ppt). In conclusion, acclimation to different salinities led to changes in the peripheral regulation of thyroid hormone metabolism in seabream. Therefore, thyroid hormones are involved in the regulation of ion transport and osmoregulatory physiology in this species. The conclusions derived from this study may also allow aquaculturists to modulate thyroid metabolism in seabream by adjusting culture salinity.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.08.013
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/169642
DOI10.1016/j.cbpa.2016.08.013
ISSN1095-6433
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