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Título

Lone-Pair Hole on P: P···N Pnicogen Bonds Assisted by Halogen Bonds

AutorDel Bene, Janet E.; Alkorta, Ibon ; Elguero, José ; Sánchez-Sanz, Goar
Fecha de publicación2017
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónThe journal of physical chemistry, A, Molecules, spectroscopy, kinetics, environment & general theory 121: 1362- 1370 (2017)
ResumenAb initio MP2/aug'-cc-pVTZ calculations have been performed on the binary complexes XY:PH for XY = ClCl, FCl, and FBr; and PH:N-base for N-base = NCH, NH, NCF, NCCN, and N; and the corresponding ternary complexes XY:PH:N-base, to investigate P···N pnicogen bond formation through the lone-pair hole at P in the binary complexes and P···N pnicogen-bond formation assisted by P···Y halogen bond formation through the σ-hole at Y. Although the binary complexes PH:N-base that form through the lone-pair hole have very small binding energies, they are not equilibrium structures on their potential surfaces. The presence of the P···Y halogen bond makes PH a better electron-pair acceptor through its lone-pair hole, leading to stable ternary complexes XY:PH:N-base. The halogen bonds in ClCl:PH and ClCl:PH:NCCN are traditional halogen bonds, but in the remaining binary and ternary complexes, they are chlorine- or bromine-shared halogen bonds. For a given nitrogen base, the P···N pnicogen bond in the ternary complex FCl:PH:N-base appears to be stronger than that bond in FBr:PH:N-base, which is stronger than the P···N bond in the corresponding ClCl:PH:N-base complex. EOM-CCSD spin-spin coupling constants for the binary and ternary complexes with ClCl and FCl are also consistent with the changing nature of the halogen bonds in these complexes. At long P-Cl distances, the coupling constant J(P-Cl) increases with decreasing distance but then decreases as the P-Cl distance continues to decrease, and the halogen bonds become chlorine-shared bonds. At the shorter distances, J(P-Cl) approaches the value of J(P-Cl) for the cation (Cl-PH). The coupling constants J(P-N) are small and, with one exception, are greater in ClCl:PH:N-base complexes compared to that in FCl:PH:N-base, despite the shorter P-N distances in the latter.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1021/acs.jpca.6b12553
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/169572
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.6b12553
issn: 1089-5639
e-issn: 1520-5215
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