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Reduced nighttime transpiration is a relevant breeding target for high water-use efficiency in grapevine

AutorCoupel-Ledru, Aude; Lebon, Eric; Christophe, Angélique; Gallo, Agustina; Gago Montaña, Pilar ; Pantin, Florent; Doligez, Agnès; Simonneau, Thierry
Palabras claveNight transpiration
Transpiration efficiency
Fecha de publicación9-ago-2016
EditorNational Academy of Sciences (U.S.)
CitaciónProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA 13 (32): 8963–8968 (2016)
ResumenIncreasing water scarcity challenges crop sustainability in many regions. As a consequence, the enhancement of transpiration efficiency (TE)—that is, the biomass produced per unit of water transpired—has become crucial in breeding programs. This could be achieved by reducing plant transpiration through a better closure of the stomatal pores at the leaf surface. However, this strategy generally also lowers growth, as stomatal opening is necessary for the capture of atmospheric CO2 that feeds daytime photosynthesis. Here, we considered the reduction in transpiration rate at night (En) as a possible strategy to limit water use without altering growth. For this purpose, we carried out a genetic analysis for En and TE in grapevine, a major crop in drought-prone areas. Using recently developed phenotyping facilities, potted plants of a cross between Syrah and Grenache cultivars were screened for 2 y under well-watered and moderate soil water deficit scenarios. High genetic variability was found for En under both scenarios and was primarily associated with residual diffusion through the stomata. Five quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were detected that underlay genetic variability in En. Interestingly, four of them colocalized with QTLs for TE. Moreover, genotypes with favorable alleles on these common QTLs exhibited reduced En without altered growth. These results demonstrate the interest of breeding grapevine for lower water loss at night and pave the way to breeding other crops with this underexploited trait for higher TE.
Descripción6 páginas y 4 figuras.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1073/pnas.1600826113
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