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The international prognostic index for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia has the higher value in predicting overall outcome compared with the Barcelona-Brno biomarkers only prognostic model and the MD Anderson Cancer Center prognostic index

AuthorsMuñoz-Novas, Carolina; Poza-Santaella, María; González-Gascón y Marín, Isabel; Hernández-Sánchez, María; Rodríguez-Vicente, Ana Eugenia; Infante, María-Stefania; Heras, Cecilia; Foncillas, María-Ángeles; Marín, Karen; Hernández, Jesús M. ; Hernández, José Ángel
Issue Date2018
PublisherHindawi Publishing Corporation
CitationBioMed Research International 2018: 9506979 (2018)
AbstractIn recent years, new prognostic indexes (PIs) for chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL), which include clinical, biological, and genetic variables, have been validated, highlighting the MD Anderson Cancer Center prognostic index (MDACC PI), the CLL-international prognostic index (CLL-IPI), and the Barcelona-Brno biomarkers only prognostic model. The aim of this study is to compare the utility of these PIs in a cohort of Spanish patients. A retrospective analysis of 696 unselected CLL patients newly diagnosed and previously untreated from different Spanish institutions was performed. The MDACC PI, the CLL-IPI, and the biomarkers only PI were applied to these patients, and a comparison of the three PIs was performed. With a median follow-up time of 46 months, 394 patients were alive and 187 had received treatment. The median overall survival (OS) was 173 months and the median time to first therapy (TTFT) was 32 months. Significant differences were obtained in OS and TTFT for all subgroups when applying these PIs, with the CLL-IPI being the one with the higher c-index (0.676 for OS and 0.757 for TTFT). The three PIs were able to discriminate patients in different prognostic subgroups. In our cohort, the CLL-IPI showed higher power in predicting TTFT and OS.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1155/2018/9506979
Identifiersdoi: 10.1155/2018/9506979
e-issn: 2314-6141
issn: 2314-6133
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