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Co-, Cu- and Fe-doped Ni/Al2O3 catalysts for the catalytic decomposition of methane into hydrogen and carbon nanofibers

AuthorsTorres Gamarra, Daniel; Pinilla Ibarz, José Luis ; Suelves Laiglesia, Isabel
KeywordsNi catalysts
Bimetallic catalysts
Catalytic decomposition of methane
Thermogravimetric analysis
Carbon nanofibers
Issue Date27-Jul-2018
PublisherMultidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
CitationCatalysts 8(8): 300 (2018)
AbstractThe catalytic decomposition of methane (CDM) process produces hydrogen in a single stage and avoids CO2 emission thanks to the formation of high added value carbon nanofilaments as a by-product. In this work, Ni monometallic and Ni–Co, Ni–Cu, and Ni–Fe bimetallic catalysts are tested in the CDM reaction for the obtention of fishbone carbon nanofibers (CNF). Catalysts, in which Al2O3 is used as textural promoter in their formulation, are based on Ni as main active phase for the carbon formation and on Co, Cu, or Fe as dopants in order to obtain alloys with improved catalytic behaviour. Characterization of bimetallic catalysts showed the formation of particles of Ni alloys with a bimodal size distribution. For the doping content studied (5 mol. %), only Cu formed an alloy with a lattice constant high enough to be able to favor the carbon diffusion through the catalytic particle against surface diffusion, resulting in higher carbon formations, longer activity times, and activity at 750 ◦C; whereas Ni, Ni–Co, and Ni–Fe catalysts were inactive. On the other hand, Fe also improved the undoped catalyst performance presenting a higher carbon formation at 700 ◦C and the obtention of narrow carbon nanofilaments from active Ni3Fe crystallites.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.3390/catal8080300
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