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The Boundary between Scientific and Non-Scientific Knowledge

AutorPeña, Lorenzo
Palabras claveBoundaries
Scientific knowledge
Feyerabend, Paul
Standards of research practice
Unscientific theories
Methods of research
Non-wellfounded sets
Philosophy of science
Standard set-theory
Fuzzy paraconsistent logic
Conocimiento científico
Cánones de práctica investigativa
Teorías no científicas
Métodos de investigación
Conjuntos no-bien-fundados
Filosofía de la ciencia
Teoría de conjuntos estándar
Lógica paraconsistente difusa
Fecha de publicaciónjun-1991
Citación4th Annual Meeting of SOFIA [Sociedad Filosófica Ibero-Americana]
ResumenThe boundary between scientific and non-scientific knowledge exists. Some irrationalists have been mistaken into acceptance of that wrong conclusion because they have remarked that, however the boundary might be drawn, some important scientific developments would fall afoul of the standards entitling a research practice to count as scientific. The boundary is not an imaginary one, that is to say besides what is scientific and what is unscientific there also is what lies at the boundary, certain research practices which are neither wholly scientific nor fully unscientific.
Studying what is science is itself a kind of research belonging to the boundary, since the methods available in that research are not as strictly rigorous as those used in science proper; in fact, all of philosophy is included in the boundary in question. The boundary (and in fact science itself) displays a characteristic structure pertaining to what are by now usually called "non-wellfounded sets" -- sets, that is, which are somehow or other involved in themselves, whether as members, or as members of members or so on; the significance of the last thesis is that the best way of approaching philosophy of science is not standard set-theory, but theories allowing non-wellfounded sets are preferable. Admission of the boundary's existence compels us to go beyond standard classical logic and to look for a more suitable logic, as for instance some kind of fuzzy paraconsistent logic.
Descripción12 pages.-- Contributed to: 4th Annual Meeting of SOFIA [Sociedad Filosófica Ibero-Americana] (Salamanca, June 1991).
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