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Low stocking density negatively affects growth, metabolism and stress pathways in juvenile specimens of meagre (Argyrosomus regius, Asso 1801)

AutorMillán-Cubillo, Antonio Francisco; Martos-Sitcha, Juan Antonio ; Ruiz-Jarabo, Ignacio; Cárdenas, Salvador; Mancera, Juan Miguel
Palabras claveArgyrosomus regius
Growth
Meagre
Metabolism
Stocking density
Stress
Fecha de publicación20-ene-2016
EditorElsevier
CitaciónAquaculture 451: 87-92 (2016)
ResumenThe influence of culture density on growth, stress system and metabolism has been assessed in A. regius juveniles submitted to different initial stocking densities (3, 7, 10 and 13 g L− 1) for 40 days. On days 0, 12, 27 and 40 of the experiment, biometric parameters were measured. In addition, plasma, liver and muscle samples were taken for biochemical analysis at the end of experimental time. Our results showed better growth rates and feed utilization in those specimens held at high stocking densities when compared to those under low stocking densities. In addition, higher plasma cortisol, glucose and triglycerides levels found in the lowest stocking density tested suggest an activation of the stress system in fish held at this condition. Moreover, no changes in hepatic metabolites were observed, while values of muscle triglycerides, amino acids and lactate enhanced when stocking density increased. In conclusion, the culture of juvenile A. regius at higher initial densities (at least 13 g L− 1) ensures better growth and the optimization of the existing facilities, improving welfare of this species in aquaculture systems.
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.08.034
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/168558
DOI10.1016/j.aquaculture.2015.08.034
ISSN0044-8486
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