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Daily feeding and protein metabolism rhythms in Senegalese sole post-larvae

AuthorsNavarro-Guillén, Carmen; Yúfera, Manuel ; Engrola, Sofía
KeywordsDaily feeding pattern
Feed intake
Protein metabolism
Solea senegalensis
Issue Date2017
PublisherCompany of Biologists
CitationBiology Open 6: 77-82 (2017)
AbstractFish hatcheries must adapt larval feeding protocols to feeding behavior and metabolism patterns to obtain more efficient feed utilization. Fish larvae exhibit daily ingesting rhythms rather than ingesting food continuously throughout the day. The aim of this study was to determine the daily patterns of feed intake, protein digestibility, protein retention and catabolism in Senegalese sole post-larvae (Solea senegalensis; 33 days post-hatching) using 14C-labeled Artemia protein and incubation in metabolic chambers. Sole post-larvae were fed at 09:00, 15:00, 21:00, 03:00 and 09:00+1 day; and those fed at 09:00, 21:00, 03:00 and 09:00+1 day showed significantly higher feed intake than post-larvae fed at 15:00 h (P=0.000). Digestibility and evacuation rate of ingested protein did not change during the whole cycle (P=0.114); however, post-larvae fed at 21:00 and 03:00 h showed the significantly highest protein retention efficiency and lowest catabolism (P=0.002). Therefore, results confirm the existence of daily rhythmicity in feeding activity and in the utilization of the ingested nutrients in Senegalese sole post-larvae.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1242/bio.021642
Appears in Collections:(ICMAN) Artículos
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