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Title

On the oxy-combustion of lignite and corn stover in a lab-scale fluidized bed reactor

AuthorsLupiáñez, Carlos; Mayoral Gastón, María del Carmen ; Díez, Luis I.; Pueyo, Eloy; Espatolero, Sergio
KeywordsEmissions
Deposition
Ashes
Co-firing
Bio-CCS
Fluidized beds
Lignite
Zea mays stover
Issue Date1-Dec-2016
PublisherElsevier
CitationBiomass and Bioenergy 96: 152-161 (2017)
AbstractThis paper addresses an experimental investigation concerning oxy-combustion of coal and biomass in a lab-scale fluidized bed reactor. While co-firing has been widely studied under conventional air conditions, few experiences are available to date for O2/CO2 atmospheres. The research is focused on SO2 and NOx emissions, along with the deposition rates and ashes mineralogy. The influences of the atmosphere (air vs. 30/70% O2/CO2), the coal-to-biomass energy input ratio (80/20%, 90/10%), the chlorine mass fraction in the biomass (0.35%, 1%, 2%) and the Ca:S mole ratio (2.5, 4) are reported and discussed in the paper, for two specific fuels: high sulfur lignite and high chlorine corn stover. Concerning SO2 emissions a correlation among the sulfur and the chlorine contents is clearly detected, being affected by the direct desulfurization mechanism occurring under oxy-firing conditions. The single effect of the chlorine content is found to be almost 1.5% of the desulfurization efficiency. NOx emissions are otherwise more dependent on oxygen excess and CO concentration in the reactor, rather than the fuel share or the chlorine supplied. Thick deposition is only detected when chlorine content in the corn is 2%. Potassium aluminosilication is found to be enhanced in comparison to potassium sulfation under oxy-firing, especially for the highest Ca:S mole ratio: observed aluminosilication is five times higher when Ca:S ratio is increased from 2.5 to 4. A significant enrichment in iron is also detected for the fly ash composition, with an increase of 30e50% in comparison to air combustion.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.11.013
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/168070
DOI10.1016/j.biombioe.2016.11.013
ISSN0961-9534
Appears in Collections:(ICB) Artículos
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