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First evidence of endocrine disruption in feral carp from the Ebro River

AuthorsLavado Parra, Ramón; Thibaut, Rémi; Raldúa, Demetrio ; Martín, Rebeca; Porte Visa, Cinta
KeywordsEbro River
Cyprinus carpio
Endocrine disruption
Sex steroids
P450 aromatase
UDPGT activity
Issue Date4-Mar-2004
CitationToxicology and Applied Pharmacology 196(2): 247-257 (2004)
AbstractFeral carps (Cyprinus carpio) were collected in spring 2001 from five sites along the lower course of Ebro River (Spain) with the aim of investigating the existence of endocrine-disrupting effects. Several findings (low gonadosomatic index (GSI), plasmatic vitellogenin (VTG), depressed levels of testosterone, and histological alterations in gonads) detected in male carps downstream of Zaragoza's sewage treatment plant (STP) strongly suggest that the concentration of sewage effluent in the area is a major causal factor leading to the detected estrogenic effects. Important alterations (viz. delayed maturation in females, indications of arrested spermatogenesis in males) were detected in carps from Flix, a heavily industrialized area. Low ovarian P-450 aromatase and reduced glucuronidation of testosterone and estradiol in males were observed in Zaragoza and Canal Imperial de Aragón—an agricultural area—which suggest decreased estrogen synthesis, and possibly, reduced sex hormone excretion in those organisms. These results were related to some in vitro assays aimed to assess the interference of model compounds (atrazin, vinclozolin, diuron, pp'-DDE, dicofol, triphenyltin, nonylphenol, and fenarimol) with the glucuronidation of testosterone and estradiol by liver microsomal fractions. The fungicide fenarimol (10–20 μM) and nonylphenol (50 μM) were found to significantly inhibit (20%) both activities at relatively low doses. Overall, this work provides the first evidence of the existence of significant alterations of the endocrine system of carps from the medium-low course of the Ebro River and demonstrates the ability of several chemicals to modulate the inactivation of endogenous steroids.
Description11 pages, 6 figures, 2 tables.-- PMID: 15081271 [PubMed].-- Printed version published Apr 15, 2004.
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.taap.2003.12.012
Appears in Collections:(IDAEA) Artículos
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