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Phenotypic and lipidomic characterization of primary human epidermal keratinocytes exposed to simulated solar UV radiation

AutorDalmau, Núria; Andrieu-Abadie, Nathalie; Tauler, Romà; Bedia, Carmen
Palabras claveKeratinocyte
Keratinocyte differentiation
Untargeted lipidomics
UV irradiation
Fecha de publicación10-jul-2018
CitaciónJournal of Dermatological Science (2018)
ResumenBackground: Ultraviolet (UV) radiation is known to be one of the most important environmental hazards acting on the skin. The most part of UV radiation is absorbed in the epidermis, where keratinocytes are the most abundant and exposed cell type. Lipids have an important role in skin biology, not only for their important contribution to the maintenance of the permeability barrier but also for the production and storage of energy, membrane organization and cell signalling functions. However, the effects on the lipid composition of keratinocytes under UV radiation are little explored. Objective: The present work aims to explore the effects on the phenotype and lipid content of primary human keratinocytes exposed to simulated solar UV radiation. Methods: Keratinocytes were exposed to a single (acute exposure) and repeated simulated solar UV irradiations for 4 weeks (chronic exposure). Cell viability and morphology were explored, as well as the production of reactive oxygen species. Then, lipid extracts were analysed through liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry (LC–MS) and the data generated was processed using the ROIMCR chemometric methodology together with partial least squares discriminant analysis (PLS-DA), to finally reveal the most relevant lipid changes that occurred in keratinocytes upon UV irradiation. Also, the potential induction of keratinocyte differentiation was explored by measuring the increase of involucrin. Results: Under acute irradiation, cell viability and morphology were not altered. However, a general increase of phosphatidylcholines (PC) phosphatidylethanolamines (PE) and phosphatidylglycerol (PG) together with a slight sphingomyelin (SM) decrease were found in UV irradiated cells, among other changes. In addition, keratinocyte cultures did not present any differentiation hallmark. Contrary to acute-irradiated cells, in chronic exposures, cell viability was reduced and keratinocytes presented an altered morphology. Also, hallmarks of differentiation, such as the increase of involucrin protein and the autophagy induction were detected. Among the main lipid changes that accompanied this phenotype, the increase of long-chain ceramides, lysoPC and glycerolipid species were found. Conclusion: Important lipid changes were detected under acute and chronic UV irradiation. The lipid profile under chronic exposure may represent a lipid fingerprint of the keratinocyte differentiation phenotype. © 2018
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.jdermsci.2018.07.002
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