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Identification of a critical Sp1 site within the endoglin promoter and its involvement in the transforming growth factor-beta stimulation

AutorBotella, Luisa María ; Sánchez-Elsner, Tilman; Rius, Carlos; Corbí, Angel L. ; Bernabéu, Carmelo
Palabras claveHereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia
Transcription factor sp1
Functional interactions
Expression analysis
Heart development
Fecha de publicación14-sep-2001
EditorAmerican Society for Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
CitaciónJ Biol Chem 276(37):34486-94 (2001)
ResumenEndoglin, a component of the transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-beta) receptor complex expressed on endothelial cells, is involved in cardiovascular morphogenesis and vascular remodeling, as exemplified by the fact that the endoglin gene is the target for the autosomal dominant disorder known as hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 1. Since haploinsufficiency is the underlying mechanism for hereditary hemorrhagic telangiectasia type 1, understanding the regulation of endoglin gene expression appears to be a crucial step to correct the disease. In this study we have identified an Sp1 site at -37 as a critical element for the basal transcription of the endoglin TATA-less promoter. Since endoglin promoter activity is stimulated by TGF-beta and this stimulation is located at the Sp1-containing proximal region, we have investigated the possible involvement of Sp1 in the TGF-beta-mediated induction. Mutation of the Sp1-binding sequence, or addition of the Sp1 inhibitor WP631, abolished both the basal transcription activity and the TGF-beta responsiveness of the endoglin promoter. Binding of Sp1 and Smad3 to the proximal promoter region -50/-29 was evidenced by electrophoretic mobility shift assays and DNA affinity precipitation studies. Furthermore, synergistic cooperation on the promoter activity between Sp1 and TGF-beta or Smad3 could be demonstrated by co-transfection experiments of reporter promoter constructs. The molecular mechanism underlying this cooperation appears to involve a direct physical interaction between Sp1 and Smad3/Smad4.
Descripción10 p.-6 fig.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1074/jbc.M011611200
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