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Coal analysis by diffuse reflectance near-infrared spectroscopy: hierarchical cluster and linear discriminant analysis

AuthorsAndrés Gimeno, José Manuel ; Bona, M.T.
KeywordsNear-infrared spectroscopy (NIR)
Coal analysis
Partial least squares regression (PLS)
Hierarchical cluster analysis (HCA)
Linear Discriminant Analysis (LDA)
Issue Date30-Jan-2007
CitationTalanta 72: 1423-1431 (2007)
AbstractAn extensive study was carried out in coal samples coming from several origins trying to establish a relationship between nine coal properties (moisture (%), ash (%), volatile matter (%), fixed carbon (%), heating value (kcal/kg), carbon (%), hydrogen (%), nitrogen (%) and sulphur (%)) and the corresponding near-infrared spectral data. This research was developed by applying both quantitative (partial least squares regression, PLS) and qualitative multivariate analysis techniques (hierarchical cluster analysis, HCA; linear discriminant analysis, LDA), to determine a methodology able to estimate property values for a new coal sample. For that, it was necessary to define homogeneous clusters, whose calibration equations could be obtained with accuracy and precision levels comparable to those provided by commercial online analysers and, study the discrimination level between these groups of samples attending only to the instrumental variables. These two steps were performed in three different situations depending on the variables used for the pattern recognition: property values, spectral data (principal component analysis, PCA) or a combination of both. The results indicated that it was the last situation what offered the best results in both two steps previously described, with the added benefit of outlier detection and removal.
Publisher version (URL)http://doi.org/10.1016/j.talanta.2007.01.050
Appears in Collections:(ICB) Artículos
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