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Beyond chemoattraction: multifunctionality of chemokine receptors in leukocytes

AuthorsLópez-Cotarelo, Pilar; Gómez-Moreira, Carolina; Criado-García, Olga CSIC ; Sánchez, Lucas CSIC ORCID ; Rodríguez-Fernández, José Luis CSIC ORCID
KeywordsMature dendritic cells
Neutrophil-activating properties
Growth-stimulatory activity
High endothelial venules
Gene-expression profile
cd4(+) t-cells
Human monocytes
In-vitro; cytokine production
Issue DateDec-2017
CitationTrends Immunol 38(12):927-941 (2017)
AbstractThe word chemokine is a combination of the words chemotactic and cytokine, in other words cytokines that promote chemotaxis. Hence, the term chemokine receptor refers largely to the ability to regulate chemoattraction. However, these receptors can modulate additional leukocyte functions, as exemplified by the case of CCR7 which, apart from chemotaxis, regulates survival, migratory speed, endocytosis, differentiation and cytoarchitecture. We present evidence highlighting that multifunctionality is a common feature of chemokine receptors. Based on the activities that they regulate, we suggest that chemokine receptors can be classified into inflammatory (which control both inflammatory and homeostatic functions) and homeostatic families. The information accrued also suggests that the non-chemotactic functions controlled by chemokine receptors may contribute to optimizing leukocyte functioning under normal physiological conditions and during inflammation.
Description26 p.-2 tab.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1016/j.it.2017.08.004
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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