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Constraining the N2O5UV absorption cross section from spectroscopic trace gas measurements in the tropical mid-stratosphere

AutorKritten, L.; Butz, A.; Chipperfield, M.P.; Dorf, M.; Dhomse, S.; Hossaini, R.; Oelhaf, H.; Prados-Roman, C.; Wetzel, G.; Pfeilsticker, K.
Fecha de publicación2014
EditorEuropean Geophysical Society
CitaciónAtmospheric Chemistry and Physics 14: 9555- 9566 (2014)
Resumen© 2014 Author(s). The absorption cross section of N2O5, σN2O5(λ, T), which is known from laboratory measurements with the uncertainty of a factor of 2 (Table 4-2 in (Jet Propulsion Laboratory) JPL-2011; the spread in laboratory data, however, points to an uncertainty in the range of 25 to 30%, Sander et al., 2011), was investigated by balloon-borne observations of the relevant trace gases in the tropical mid-stratosphere. The method relies on the observation of the diurnal variation of NO2by limb scanning DOAS (differential optical absorption spectroscopy) measurements (Weidner et al., 2005; Kritten et al., 2010), supported by detailed photochemical modelling of NOy(NOx(=NO + NO2) + NO3+ 2N2O5+ ClONO2+ HO2NO2+ BrONO2+ HNO3) photochemistry and a non-linear least square fitting of the model result to the NO2observations. Simulations are initialised with O3measured by direct sun observations, the NOypartitioning from MIPAS-B (Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding-Balloon-borne version) observations in similar air masses at night-time, and all other relevant species from simulations of the SLIMCAT (Single Layer Isentropic Model of Chemistry And Transport) chemical transport model (CTM). Best agreement between the simulated and observed diurnal increase of NO2is found if the σN2O5(λ, T) is scaled by a factor of 1.6 ± 0.8 in the UV-C (200-260 nm) and by a factor of 0.9 ± 0.26 in the UV-B/A (260-350 nm), compared to current recommendations. As a consequence, at 30 km altitude, the N2O5lifetime against photolysis becomes a factor of 0.77 shorter at solar zenith angle (SZA) of 30° than using the recommended σN2O5(λ, T), and stays more or less constant at SZAs of 60°. Our scaled N2O5photolysis frequency slightly reduces the lifetime (0.2-0.6%) of ozone in the tropical mid-and upper stratosphere, but not to an extent to be important for global ozone.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.5194/acp-14-9555-2014
issn: 1680-7324
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