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Título

Trophic habits of an abundant shark in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea using an isotopic non-lethal approach

AutorBarría, Claudio ; Navarro, Joan ; Coll, Marta
Palabras claveMarine predators
Stable isotopes
Demersal organisms
Blood sampling
Sharks
Trophic ecology
Trophic level
Isotopic mixing models
Fecha de publicaciónjul-2018
EditorElsevier
CitaciónEstuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 207: 383-390 (2018)
ResumenStudying the feeding ecology of an organism is essential to understanding its ecological role in the ecosystem. Although the small-spotted catshark (Scyliorhinus canicula) is widely studied, most feeding studies have been conducted using invasive techniques, such as the analysis of stomach contents. Moreover, information from the Mediterranean Sea is surprisingly scarce and not up to date. Here, we studied the feeding ecology of the small-spotted catshark in the northwestern Mediterranean Sea using stable isotopes (nitrogen and carbon isotopic values) from blood samples, with individuals released alive in the area of capture after sampling. In overall for the population of small-spotted catshark, the isotopic values were −19.01 ± 1.12‰ and 8.03 ± 0.61‰ for δC and for δN, respectively. Results reveal a diet mainly composed of euphausiids, with sex and size variations. Results confirm the ecological role of the small-spotted catshark as a mesopredator, which holds a trophic position similar to skates and rays in the study area, but lower than the other demersal and pelagic sharks analysed. The trophic behaviour of the small-spotted catshark indicates its high trophic plasticity, which could allow this species to thrive in highly exploited environments. Our methodological approach, which did not damage the target species, presents new possibilities for conducting ecological studies with other elasmobranchs in the Mediterranean Sea, a highly exploited area that hosts many threatened and rare species
DescripciónThis study is a contribution to the project ECOTRANS (CTM2011-26333, Spanish Ministry of Economy and Competiveness, Spain).-- 8 pages, 5 figures, 4 tables
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2017.08.021
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/167483
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.ecss.2017.08.021
issn: 0272-7714
e-issn: 1096-0015
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