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Análisis de los perfiles de expresión génica en los procesos de diferenciación de Leishmania infantum mediante microarrays de ADN

AutorAlcolea, Pedro J.
DirectorLarraga, Vicente
Palabras claveLeishmania infantum
Phlebotomus perniciosus
Expresión génica diferencial
Transcriptómica
Proteómica
Promastigotes
Amastigotes
Fagocitos
Infectividad, gp46
Acidificación
Cadmio
Depleción de nutrientes
Fecha de publicación2010
EditorCSIC - Centro de Investigaciones Biológicas (CIB)
Universidad Complutense de Madrid
ResumenLeishmania infantum is the etiologic agent of zoonotic visceral leishmaniasis in the mediterranean basin and is transmitted by the bite of phlebotominae sandflies during bloodmeal intakes. The life cycle of the parasite is dimorphic and digenetic because the extracellular promastigote alternates with the intracellular amastigote stage in the gut of the vector insect and inside mammalian phagocytes respectively. The aim of this PhD Thesis is the comparative transcriptome analysis of the basic differentiation stages of the parasite and several envirnomental factors affecting growth and differentiaton. For this purpose, whole-genome shotgun DNA microarrays were constructed from a complete genome library and gene expression profile analysis were performed by combined hybridization of cDNA samples to be compared and the subsequent normalization and statistical analysis. In addition to the wide number of data obtained, general information about the differentiation of the parasite could be extracted: the down-regulation rate is higher in the amastigote than in the promastigote stage, L. infantum PNA promastigotes are more infective than PNA promastigotes, provided the differential expression profile of several genes and the results of the in vitro infection assay, temperature increase is more influencing than pH decrease in the differentiation process of promastigotes to amastigotes and a considerable number of differentially regulated genes has been found between promastigotes extracted from the anterior gut of the insect vector and axenically cultured promastigotes in stationary phase.
Descripción292 p.-74 fig.-39 tab.-11 anexos.
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/167341
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