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Solution conformation of a cohesin module and its scaffoldin linker from a prototypical cellulosome

AuthorsGalera-Prat, Albert ; Pantoja-Uceda, D.; Laurents, D.V. ; Carrión-Vázquez, Mariano Sixto
Issue Date2018
PublisherAcademic Press
CitationArchives of Biochemistry and Biophysics 644: 1- 7 (2018)
AbstractBacterial cellulases are drawing increased attention as a means to obtain plentiful chemical feedstocks and fuels from renewable lignocellulosic biomass sources. Certain bacteria deploy a large extracellular multi-protein complex, called the cellulosome, to degrade cellulose. Scaffoldin, a key non-catalytic cellulosome component, is a large protein containing a cellulose-specific carbohydrate-binding module and several cohesin modules which bind and organize the hydrolytic enzymes. Despite the importance of the structure and protein/protein interactions of the cohesin module in the cellulosome, its structure in solution has remained unknown to date. Here, we report the backbone H, C and N NMR assignments of the Cohesin module 5 from the highly stable and active cellulosome from Clostridium thermocellum. These data reveal that this module adopts a tightly packed, well folded and rigid structure in solution. Furthermore, since in scaffoldin, the cohesin modules are connected by linkers we have also characterized the conformation of a representative linker segment using NMR spectroscopy. Analysis of its chemical shift values revealed that this linker is rather stiff and tends to adopt extended conformations. This suggests that the scaffoldin linkers act to minimize interactions between cohesin modules. These results pave the way towards solution studies on cohesin/dockerin's fascinating dual-binding mode.
Identifiersdoi: 10.1016/j.abb.2018.02.016
issn: 1096-0384
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