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The NtrY/NtrX System of Sinorhizobium meliloti GR4 Regulates Motility, EPS I Production, and Nitrogen Metabolism but Is Dispensable for Symbiotic Nitrogen Fixation

AutorCalatrava-Morales, Nieves; Nogales, Joaquina; Ameztoy, Kinia; van Steenbergen, Bart; Soto, María José
Fecha de publicación2017
EditorAmerican Phytopathological Society
CitaciónMolecular Plant-Microbe Interactions 30(7): 566-577 (2017)
ResumenSinorhizobium meliloti can translocate over surfaces. However, little is known about the regulatory mechanisms that control this trait and its relevance for establishing symbiosis with alfalfa plants. To gain insights into this field, we isolated Tn5 mutants of S. meliloti GR4 with impaired surface motility. In mutant strain GRS577, the transposon interrupted the ntrY gene encoding the sensor kinase of the NtrY/NtrX two-component regulatory system. GRS577 is impaired in flagella synthesis, and overproduces succinoglycan which is responsible for increased biofilm formation. The mutant also shows altered cell morphology and higher susceptibility to salt stress. GRS577 induces nitrogen-fixing nodules in alfalfa but exhibits decreased competitive nodulation. Complementation experiments indicate that both, ntrY and ntrX, account for all the phenotypes displayed by the ntrY::Tn5 mutant. Ectopic overexpression of VisNR, the motility master regulator, was sufficient to rescue motility and competitive nodulation of the transposant. A transcriptome profiling of GRS577 confirmed differential expression of exo and flagellar genes, and led to the demonstration that NtrY/NtrX allows for optimal expression of denitrification and nifA genes under microoxic conditions in response to nitrogen compounds. This study extends our knowledge about the complex role played by NtrY/NtrX in S. meliloti.
Versión del editorhttp://doi.org/10.1094/MPMI-01-17-0021-R
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/167062
DOI10.1094/MPMI-01-17-0021-R
Identificadoresissn: 0894-0282
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