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Energetic and Structural Properties of Two Phenolic Antioxidants: Tyrosol and Hydroxytyrosol

AutorDávalos, J.Z. ; Valderrama-Negrón, A.C.; Barrios, J.R.; Freitas, V.L.S.; Ribeiro da Silva, M. D. M. C.
Fecha de publicación2018
EditorAmerican Chemical Society
CitaciónThe journal of physical chemistry, A, Molecules, spectroscopy, kinetics, environment & general theory 122: 4130- 4137 (2018)
ResumenTheoretical and experimental studies on the energetic, structural and some other relevant physicochemical properties of the antioxidant tyrosol (1), hydroxytyrosol (1OH) molecules and the corresponding radicals 1 and 1O are reported in this work. The experimental values of the gas-phase enthalpy of formation, ΔH (g), in kJ·mol, of 1 (-302.4 ± 3.4) and 1OH (-486.3 ± 4.1) have been determined. Quantum chemical calculations, at DFT (M05-2X) and composite ab initio G3 and G4 levels of theory, provided results that served to (i) confirm the excellent consistency of the experimental measurements performed, (ii) establish that the stabilizing effect of H-bond of hydroxyethyl chain and aromatic ring (OH···π interaction) is smaller in radicals than in parent molecules, (iii) deduce - combining experimental data in isodesmic reactions - ΔH (g) of radicals 1 (-152.3 ± 4.4 kJ·mol) and 1O (-370.6 ± 3.8 kJ·mol), (iv) estimate a reliable O-H bond dissociation enthalpy, BDE of 1 (368.1 ± 5.6 kJ·mol) and of 1OH (333.7 ± 5.6 kJ·mol), and (v) corroborate - using >BDE criteria> - than 1OH is a more effective antioxidant than 1.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1021/acs.jpca.8b00457
issn: 1520-5215
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