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Role of specific microbial communities in the bioavailability of iron in Doñana National Park

AutorPortillo Guisado, María del Carmen ; Reina, M.; Serrano, Laura ; Sáiz-Jiménez, Cesáreo ; González Grau, Juan Miguel
Palabras claveDoñana National Park
Fe-rich film
Metal sequestration
Fecha de publicación2008
CitaciónEnvironmental Geochemistry and Health 30(2): 165-170
ResumenThe Doñana National Park contains highly complex microbial communities that play critical roles in the bioavailability and biogeochemical cycling of elements. In this study, we analyzed the formation of Fe-rich films on the surface of shallow waters at Doñana National Park as a model for future applications in bioremediation. Phytoplankton composition and abundance, physicochemical measurements, culture enrichments, and molecular detection of microorganisms were determined during this study. Natural samples were incubated in the laboratory and enrichments producing similar phenomena were obtained. Bacteria belonging to the genera Enterobacter were the major participants in surface Fe-film formation in laboratory enrichments. Film formation was dependent on wind exposure and only those sites protected from the direct influence of wind developed these films. A higher concentration of euglenophytes was found in the proximity of film-covered waters. Available iron (Fe2+) and total Fe concentrations were high (18.8 and 46.6 mg/L, respectively) underneath the surface film, and higher than in film-free waters and pore-sediment water. The concentration of phosphate and its availability were higher in the iron-rich film sediment, as 61% of total P was bound to iron oxy-hydroxides. Our results provide evidence of the link between P and Fe biogeochemical cycling in aquatic systems on sandy soils at the Doñana National Park. In addition, they provide significant insights into the bioavailability of these elements with potential interest in the role of microorganisms for metal sequestration in natural environments and utilization in bioremediation processes.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s10653-008-9138-0
ISSN0269-4042 (Print)
1573-2983 (Online)
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