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Breeding for intercropping: join applied genetics and agronomy for improved annual legume production

AutorMikić, A.; Ron Pedreira, Antonio Miguel de ; Vasiljević, S.
Fecha de publicaciónoct-2016
EditorUniversidade Nova de Lisboa
CitaciónSecond International Legume Society Conference: 234 (2016)
ResumenArchaeology offers evidence that growing plants together, with annual legumes as usually inevitable component, could be the most ancient cropping system in all primeval agricultural centres. With a ten millennia long tradition, intercropping annual legumes, usually with cereals and for diverse uses, has remained important all over the world until today. There is a phenomenon that brings together legume breeders and agronomists: both are aware that there are differences in the agronomic performance of the mixtures of annual legumes and other field crops if diverse annual legume cultivars are used. Wishing to understand this phenomenon properly and define its economic significance, we are establishing a firm interaction between breeders and agronomists, in order to design such annual legume ideotypes that would have the best agronomic performance when intercropped with diverse plants for either forage or grain or biomass or any other use. Our major hypotheses are that the ideotypes for intercropping are the genotypes being the most competitive in the same environment compartments or taking profit of the complementary compartments. However demanding, this is feasible: the preliminary schemes for forage and grain production, developed mostly at IFVCNS, produced encouraging results in field conditions. Joint efforts of annual legume breeders and agronomists should be beneficial for both scientific community and result in enhancing the legume cultivation and production in general.
DescripciónResumen del trabajo presentado en la Conferencia internacional que bajo el lema "Legumes for a sustainable world" tuvo lugar en Troia, Portugal, entre el 11 y el 14 de octubre de 2016.- Mikić, A. et al.
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