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Title

Maximization of the docosahexaenoic and eicosapentaenoic acids content in concentrates obtained from a by-product of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) processing

AuthorsPando, Mª Elsa; Rodríguez, Alicia; Galdames, Andrea; Berríos, Mª Macarena; Rivera, Matías; Romero, Nalda; Valenzuela, Mª Antonieta; Ortiz, Jaime; Aubourg, Santiago P. CSIC ORCID
KeywordsOncorhynchus mykiss
Belly by-product
EPA and DHA
Concentrates
Urea complexation
Response surface methodology
Issue Date2018
PublisherSpringer
CitationEuropean Food Research and Technology A 244(5): 937-948 (2018)
AbstractThis study was focused on a by-product (i.e., belly muscle) resulting from the commercial processing of rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss). In it, n-3 long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acid (LCPUFA) concentrates were obtained from the belly oil by optimization of the urea-complexation process variables. Thus, the effect of urea:fatty acids (FA) ratio (0–6, w/w), crystallization temperature (− 30 to 30 °C), crystallization time (3.0–48.0 h) and stirring speed (0–1000 rpm) on the eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA, C20:5n-3) and docosahexaenoic acid (DHA, C22:6n-3) contents in concentrates was analyzed by response surface methodology. As a result, high values were obtained for total FA yield recovered, and contents on LCPUFA, EPA and DHA in the non-urea complexing fraction, as well as a great retention of saturated and monounsaturated FA in the urea-crystal adducts. After validation of the model obtained, the combination of process variables levels that maximizes the desirability function (0.91 score) for response variables was 4.21, ‒15 °C, 24 h and 1000 rpm, respectively. In agreement with the great significance and availability of farmed rainbow trout, belly muscle by-product confirmed to be a profitable source of n-3 LCPUFA to be commercialized as an added-value component
Description12 pages, 5 tables, 1 figure
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1007/s00217-017-3013-0
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/165690
DOI10.1007/s00217-017-3013-0
ISSN1438-2377
E-ISSN1438-2385
Appears in Collections:(IIM) Artículos

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