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The Influence of Heavy Metals and Mineral Nutrient Supply on Bituminaria bituminosa
|Autor:||Walker, David J.; Bernal Calderón, M. Pilar ; Correal, Enrique|
|Palabras clave:||Bituminaria bituminosa|
|Fecha de publicación:||sep-2007|
|Citación:||Water, Air, & Soil Pollution 184(1-4): 335-345 (2007)|
|Resumen:||With a view to the selection of plants for the re-vegetation of contaminated, semi-arid land, two populations of the perennial species Bituminaria bituminosa (Fabaceae) from the south of Spain were studied: one (“LA”) from a non-contaminated soil and the other (“C2”) from a similar soil having elevated total levels of Pb and Zn (1,112 and 4,249 μg g−1, respectively). For sand-cultured plants receiving nutrient solution, flow cytometry showed that heavy metals, at the concentrations measured in aqueous extracts from contaminated soils, had only slight genotoxic effects on root tip cell nuclei. Both populations were also grown in both soils, in two pot experiments. In the first, shoot biomass of LA and C2 in the contaminated soil was decreased to similar extents, with respect to the “clean” soil. Tissue heavy metal concentrations were unlikely to have been phytotoxic, except in the case of shoot Zn for population LA, but there were tissue deficiencies of P and K for populations LA and C2, respectively. In the second pot assay, the stimulation of growth by NPK fertiliser confirmed that even though this soil had high total heavy metal levels, nutrient availability was the principal factor limiting growth. The lesser transport of heavy metals (Cd, Mn and Zn) to the shoot by the population from the contaminated site is a factor that should be considered when selecting B. bituminosa lines for the phytostabilisation of such sites.|
|Descripción:||11 pages, 4 tables, 5 figures.|
|Versión del editor:||http://dx.doi.org/10.1007/s11270-007-9422-0|
|Aparece en las colecciones:||(CEBAS) Artículos|
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