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Identification and phylogenetic analysis of FT genes in common bean (Phaseolus vulgaris L.)

AuthorsQuiroga, Gabriela; González Fernández, Ana María ; Yuste-Lisbona, Fernando J.; Weller, J. L.; Sussmilch, F. C.; Lozano, Rafael; Santalla Ferradás, Marta
Issue DateMay-2015
PublisherAsociación Española de Leguminosas
Diputación Provincial de Pontevedra
CitationEucarpia International Symposium on Protein Crops - V Meeting AEL: 158 (2015)
AbstractFlowering in many plant species is controlled by photoperiod, which represents the most reliable seasonal change in nature. The availability of crops with different photoperiod responses made it possible to extend their distribution range. The gene network controlling flowering is well studied in the model plant Arabidopsis thaliana, where the FLOWERING LOCUS T (FT) gene is crucial for the acceleration of flowering. FT is part of a gene family that also includes the TERMINAL FLOWER 1 (TFL1) gene, which inhibits flowering. Constitutive FT expression or loss of TFL1 function causes early flowering and transition of the shoot apex from vegetative to reproductive identity. FT proteins have a conserved role as mobile flowering signals in several different species and promote flowering in long or short days depending on the species. The induction of flowering by FT family members has been investigated in legumes such as pea, soybean and Medicago but the FT family has not yet been characterized in common bean. Increasing knowledge of the identity and regulation of FT genes in common bean will be helpful to select variants that are better adapted to changing photoperiod conditions. BLAST searching revealed ten genes with homology to FT/TFL1 in the common bean genome. The inferred phylogenetic tree from the identified common bean FT/TFL1 amino acid sequences and sequences of soybean (Glycine max), chickpea (Cicer arietinum), Medicago truncatula, Lotus japonica, and pea (Pisum sativum) indicated that common bean contains MFT-like, BFT-like and FT/TFL1-like genes. Phylogenetic analyses also revealed substantial levels of microsynteny between Medicago, chickpea and pea, and between soybean and common bean, as expected from their proximity within the legume family. These results indicate that the expansion of the FT family occurred relatively early in legume evolution.
Description1 página.-Resumen del póster presentado en el Simposio que bajo el título "Plant proteins for the future" se celebró en Pontevedra entre el 4 y el 7 de mayo de 2015.
Appears in Collections:(MBG) Comunicaciones congresos
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