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Dendrimeric peptides can confer protection against foot-and-mouth disease virus in cattle

AutorSoria, Ivana; Sobrino, Francisco; Zamorano, Patricia; Montoya, María
Fecha de publicación26-sep-2017
EditorPublic Library of Science
CitaciónPLoS ONE 12 (2017)
ResumenFoot-and-mouth disease virus (FMDV) causes a highly contagious disease in cloven-hoofed animals. A synthetic vaccine candidate consisting of dendrimeric peptides harbouring two copies of a B-epitope [VP1(136–154)] linked to a T-cell epitope [3A(21–35)] of FMDV confers protection to type O FMDV challenge in pigs. Herein we show in cattle that novel dendrimeric peptides bearing a T-cell epitope [VP1(21–40] and two or four copies of a B-cell epitope [VP1(135–160)] from type O1 Campos FMDV (termed BT and BT, respectively) elicited FMDV specific immune responses to similar levels to a commercial vaccine. Animals were challenged with FMDV and 100% of vaccinated cattle with BT or BT were protected to podal generalization. Moreover, bovines immunized with BT were completely protected (with no clinical signs) against FMDV challenge after three vaccine doses, which was associated with titers of viral neutralizing antibodies in serum higher than those of BT group (p< 0.05) and levels of opsonic antibodies similar to those of animals immunized with one dose of FMDV commercial vaccine. Bovines vaccinated with both dendrimeric peptides presented high levels of IgG1 anti FMDV in sera and in mucosa. When IgA in nasal secretions was measured, 20% or 40% of the animals in BT or BT groups respectively, showed anti-FMDV IgA titers. In addition, BT and BT peptides evoked similar consistent T cell responses, being recognized in vitro by lymphocytes from most of the immunized cattle in the proliferation assay, and from all animals in the IFN-γ production assay. Taken together, these results support the potential of dendrimers BT or BT in cattle as a highly valuable, cost-effective FMDV candidate vaccine with DIVA potential.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0185184
issn: 1932-6203
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