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Sedimentary evidence of historical and prehistorical earthquakes along the Venta de Bravo Fault System, Acambay Graben (Central Mexico)

AutorLacan, Pierre; Ortuño, María; Audin, Laurence; Perea, Héctor ; Baize, S.; Aguirre-Díaz, Gerardo ; Zuñiga Dávila-Madrid, Ramón
Palabras claveCentral Mexico
Seismic hazard
Acambay Graben
Sedimentary recording
Active faults
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2018
CitaciónSedimentary Geology 365: 62-77 (2018)
ResumenThe Venta de Bravo normal fault is one of the longest structures in the intra-arc fault system of the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt. It defines, together with the Pastores Fault, the 80 km long southern margin of the Acambay Graben. We focus on the westernmost segment of the Venta de Bravo Fault and provide new paleoseismological information, evaluate its earthquake history, and assess the related seismic hazard. We analyzed five trenches, distributed at three different sites, in which Holocene surface faulting offsets interbedded volcanoclastic, fluvio-lacustrine and colluvial deposits. Despite the lack of known historical destructive earthquakes along this fault, we found evidence of at least eight earthquakes during the late Quaternary. Our results indicate that this is one of the major seismic sources of the Acambay Graben, capable of producing by itself earthquakes with magnitudes (M) up to 6.9, with a slip rate of 0.22–0.24 mm yr and a recurrence interval between 1940 and 2390 years. In addition, a possible multi-fault rupture of the Venta de Bravo Fault together with other faults of the Acambay Graben could result in a M > 7 earthquake. These new slip rates, earthquake recurrence rates, and estimation of slips per event help advance our understanding of the seismic hazard posed by the Venta de Bravo Fault and provide new parameters for further hazard assessment.
Descripción16 pages, 10 figures, 3 tables
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.sedgeo.2017.12.008
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.sedgeo.2017.12.008
issn: 0037-0738
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