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Nitric oxide prevents mouse embryonic stem cell differentiation through regulation of gene expression, cell signaling, and control of cell proliferation

AutorTapia-Limonchi, Rafael ; Cahuana, Gladys M. ; Caballano-Infantes, Estefanía; Salguero-Aranda, Carmen ; Beltrán-Povea, Amparo; Hitos, Ana B. ; Hmadcha, Abdelkrim ; Martín, Franz ; Soria Escoms, Bernat ; Bedoya Bergua, Francisco Javier ; Tejedo Huamán, Juan Rigoberto
Palabras clavePluripotency
Cell differentiation
Gene regulation
Nitric oxide
Embryonic stem cells
Fecha de publicación2016
CitaciónJournal of Cellular Biochemistry 117(9): 2078-2088 (2016)
ResumenNitric oxide (NO) delays mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) differentiation by regulating genes linked to pluripotency and differentiation. Nevertheless, no profound study has been conducted on cell differentiation regulation by this molecule through signaling on essential biological functions. We sought to demonstrate that NO positively regulates the pluripotency transcriptional core, enforcing changes in the chromatin structure, in addition to regulating cell proliferation, and signaling pathways with key roles in stemness. Culturing mESCs with 2 μM of the NO donor diethylenetriamine/NO (DETA/NO) in the absence of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) induced significant changes in the expression of 16 genes of the pluripotency transcriptional core. Furthermore, treatment with DETA/NO resulted in a high occupancy of activating H3K4me3 at the Oct4 and Nanog promoters and repressive H3K9me3 and H3k27me3 at the Brachyury promoter. Additionally, the activation of signaling pathways involved in pluripotency, such as Gsk3-β/β-catenin, was observed, in addition to activation of PI3 K/Akt, which is consistent with the protection of mESCs from cell death. Finally, a decrease in cell proliferation coincides with cell cycle arrest in G2/M. Our results provide novel insights into NO-mediated gene regulation and cell proliferation and suggest that NO is necessary but not sufficient for the maintenance of pluripotency and the prevention of cell differentiation.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1002/jcb.25513
e-issn: 1097-4644
issn: 0730-2312
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