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Title

Evolution of bacterial global modulators: role of a novel H-NS paralogue in the enteroaggregative Escherichia coli Strain 042

AuthorsPrieto, Alejandro; Bernabeu, Manuel; Aznar, Salvador; Ruiz-Cruz, Sofía; Bravo, Alicia ; Queiroz, M. H.; Juárez, Antonio
KeywordsEAEC
H-NS
Gene regulation
Issue Date20-Mar-2018
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationmSystems 3(3) e00220-17 (2018)
AbstractBacterial genomes sometimes contain genes that code for homologues of global regulators, the function of which is unclear. In members of the family Enterobacteriaceae, cells express the global regulator H-NS and its paralogue StpA. In Escherichia coli, out of providing a molecular backup for H-NS, the role of StpA is poorly characterized. The enteroaggregative E. coli strain 042 carries, in addition to the hns and stpA genes, a third gene encoding an hns paralogue (hns2). We present in this paper information about its biological function. Transcriptomic analysis has shown that the H-NS2 protein targets a subset of the genes targeted by H-NS. Genes targeted by H-NS2 correspond mainly with horizontally transferred (HGT) genes and are also targeted by the Hha protein, a fine-tuner of H-NS activity. Compared with H-NS, H-NS2 expression levels are lower. In addition, H-NS2 expression exhibits specific features: it is sensitive to the growth temperature and to the nature of the culture medium. This novel H-NS paralogue is widespread within the Enterobacteriaceae.
IMPORTANCE Global regulators such as H-NS play key relevant roles enabling bacterial cells to adapt to a changing environment. H-NS modulates both core and horizontally transferred (HGT) genes, but the mechanism by which H-NS can differentially regulate these genes remains to be elucidated. There are several instances of bacterial cells carrying genes that encode homologues of the global regulators. The question is what the roles of these proteins are. We noticed that the enteroaggregative E. coli strain 042 carries a new hitherto uncharacterized copy of the hns gene. We decided to investigate why this pathogenic E. coli strain requires an extra H-NS paralogue, termed H-NS2. In our work, we show that H-NS2 displays specific expression and regulatory properties. H-NS2 targets a subset of H-NS-specific genes and may help to differentially modulate core and HGT genes by the H-NS cellular pool.
Description14 p.-7 fig.-1 tab.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.1128/mSystems.00220-17
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/165221
DOI10.1128/mSystems.00220-17
E-ISSN2379-5077
Appears in Collections:(CIB) Artículos
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