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The P1N-PISPO trans-Frame Gene of Sweet Potato Feathery Mottle Potyvirus Is Produced during Virus Infection and Functions as an RNA Silencing Suppressor

AuthorsMingot, A.; Valli, A.; Rodamilans, B.; San León, D.; Baulcombe, David C.; García, Juan Antonio ; López-Moya, J. J.
KeywordsViral proteins
Virus replication
Issue Date20-Jan-2016
PublisherAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitationJournal of Virology 90 (7): 3543-3557 (2016)
AbstractThe positive-sense RNA genome of Sweet potato feathery mottle virus (SPFMV) (genus Potyvirus, family Potyviridae) contains a large open reading frame (ORF) of 3,494 codons translatable as a polyprotein and two embedded shorter ORFs in the-1 frame: PISPO, of 230 codons, and PIPO, of 66 codons, located in the P1 and P3 regions, respectively. PISPO is specific to some sweet potato-infecting potyviruses, while PIPO is present in all potyvirids. In SPFMV these two extra ORFs are preceded by conserved G2A6 motifs. We have shown recently that a polymerase slippage mechanism at these sites could produce transcripts bringing these ORFs in frame with the upstream polyprotein, thus leading to P1N-PISPO and P3N-PIPO products (B. Rodamilans, A. Valli, A. Mingot, D. San Leon, D. B. Baulcombe, J. J. Lopez-Moya, and J.A. Garcia, J Virol 89:6965-6967, 2015, doi:10.1128/JVI.00 337-15). Here, we demonstrate by liquid chromatography coupled to mass spectrometry that both P1 and P1N-PISPO are produced during viral infection and coexist in SPFMV-infected Ipomoea batatas plants. Interestingly, transient expression of SPFMV gene products coagroinfiltrated with a reporter gene in Nicotiana benthamiana revealed that P1N-PISPO acts as an RNA silencing suppressor, a role normally associated with HCPro in other potyviruses. Moreover, mutation of WG/GW motifs present in P1N-PISPO abolished its silencing suppression activity, suggesting that the function might require interaction with Argonaute components of the silencing machinery, as was shown for other viral suppressors. Altogether, our results reveal a further layer of complexity of the RNA silencing suppression activity within the Potyviridae family
Publisher version (URL)http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JVI.02360-15.
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