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Stability of desiccated rhizosphere soil aggregates of mycorrhizal Juniperus oxycedrus grown in a desertified soil amended with a composted organic residue

AutorRoldán Garrigos, Antonio ; Carrasco Blázquez, Lucía ; Caravaca Ballester, María Fuensanta
Palabras claveAggregate stability
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi
Enzyme activity
Mediterranean shrubs
Microbial biomass
Organic amendment
Soil drying and rewetting cycles
Fecha de publicaciónsep-2006
EditorElsevier
CitaciónSoil Biology and Biochemistry 38(9): 2722-2730 (2006)
ResumenAdequate soil structural stability favours the establishment and viability of a stable plant cover, protecting the soil against water erosion in desertified Mediterranean environments. We studied the effect of soil drying–rewetting, inoculation with a mixture of three exotic arbuscular mycorrhizal (AM) fungi (Glomus intraradices Schenck & Smith, Glomus deserticola (Trappe, Bloss. & Menge) and Glomus mosseae (Nicol & Gerd.) Gerd. & Trappe) and addition of a composted organic residue on aggregate stabilisation of the rhizosphere soil of Juniperus oxycedrus. The AM fungi and composted residue produced similar increases in plant growth, independently of the water conditions. Under well-watered conditions, the highest percentages of stable aggregates were recorded in the amended soil, followed by the soil inoculated with AM fungi. Excepting microbial biomass C, the soil drying increased labile C fractions (water soluble C, water soluble and total carbohydrates), whereas the rewetting decreased significantly such C fractions. Desiccation caused a significant increase in aggregate stability of the rhizosphere soil of all plants, particularly in the amended and inoculated plants. In all treatments, the aggregates formed after soil drying were unstable, since, in the rewetting, they disappear, reaching the initial levels before soil drying. Our results suggest that the aggregation mechanisms developed by rhizosphere microbial community of the amended and inoculated plants under water stress can be particularly relevant in desertified soils exposed to long desiccation periods.
Descripción9 pages, 4 tables, 1 figure.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.024
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/16400
DOI10.1016/j.soilbio.2006.04.024
ISSN0038-0717
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