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Título

An engineered plant that accumulates higher levels of heavy metals than Thlaspi caerulescens, with yields of 100 times more biomass in mine soils

AutorMartínez Pastor, Mar; Bernal Calderón, M. Pilar ; Almela, Concepción; Vélez, Dinoraz ; García-Agustín, Pilar; Serrano, Ramón; Navarro-Aviñó, Juan
Palabras claveBoron
Nicotiana glauca
Phytochelatin synthase
Phytoremediation
Fecha de publicaciónjun-2006
EditorElsevier
CitaciónChemosphere 64(3): 478-485 (2006)
ResumenNicotiana glauca transformed with TaPCS1 was tested for its application in phytoremediation. When plantlets were grown in mine soils containing Cu, Zn, and Pb (42, 2600, and 1500 mg kg−1) the plant showed high levels of accumulation especially of Zn and Pb. Adult plants growing in mine soils containing different heavy metal concentrations showed a greater accumulation as well as an extension to a wider range of elements, including Cd, Ni and B. The overexpressed gene confers up to 9 and 36 times more Cd and Pb accumulation in the shoots under hydroponic conditions, and a 3- and 6-fold increase in mining soils. When the hyperaccumulator Thlaspi caerulescens was compared, the results were higher values of heavy metal and Boron accumulation, with a yield of 100 times more biomass. Thlaspi was unable to survive in mining soils containing either a level higher than 11 000 mg kg−1 of Pb and 4500 mg kg−1 of Zn, while engineered plants yielded an average of 0.5 kg per plant.
Descripción8 pages, 3 figures, 2 tables.
Versión del editorhttp://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.10.044
URIhttp://hdl.handle.net/10261/16366
DOI10.1016/j.chemosphere.2005.10.044
ISSN0045-6535
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