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The Sinorhizobium (Ensifer) fredii HH103 nodulation outer protein NopI is a determinant for efficient nodulation of soybean and cowpea plants

AutorJiménez-Guerrero, Irene; Pérez-Montaño, Francisco; Medina, Carlos ; López-Baena, Francisco Javier
Palabras claveSymbiosis
Sinorhizobium fredii
Type III secretion
Fecha de publicación2017
EditorAmerican Society for Microbiology
CitaciónApplied and Environmental Microbiology 83(5): e02770-16 (2017)
ResumenThe type III secretion system (T3SS) is a specialized secretion apparatus that is commonly used by many plant and animal pathogenic bacteria to deliver proteins, termed effectors, to the interior of the host cells. These effectors suppress host defenses and interfere with signal transduction pathways to promote infection. Some rhizobial strains possess a functional T3SS, which is involved in the suppression of host defense responses, host range determination, and symbiotic efficiency. The analysis of the genome of the broad-host-range rhizobial strain Sinorhizobium fredii HH103 identified eight genes that code for putative T3SS effectors. Three of these effectors, NopL, NopP, and NopI, are Rhizobium specific. In this work, we demonstrate that NopI, whose amino acid sequence shows a certain similarity with NopP, is secreted through the S. fredii HH103 T3SS in response to flavonoids. We also determined that NopL can be considered an effector since it is directly secreted to the interior of the host cell as demonstrated by adenylate cyclase assays. Finally, the symbiotic phenotype of single, double, and triple nopI, nopL, and nopP mutants in soybean and cowpea was assayed, showing that NopI plays an important role in determining the number of nodules formed in both legumes and that the absence of both NopL and NopP is highly detrimental for symbiosis.
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1128/AEM.02770-16
e-issn: 1098-5336
issn: 0099-2240
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