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The impacts of the atmospheric annular mode on the AMOC and its feedback in an idealized experiment

AutorSantis, Wlademir; Aimola, Luis; Campos, Edmo; Castellanos, Paola
Palabras claveIdealized experiments
Annular mode
Fecha de publicaciónmar-2018
CitaciónDynamics of Atmospheres and Oceans 81: 30-41 (2018)
ResumenThe interdecadal variability of the atmospheric and oceanic meridional overturning circulation is studied, using a coupled model with two narrow meridional barriers representing the land and a flat bottomed Aquaplanet. Empirical orthogonal function (EOF) analysis are used in the atmospheric and oceanic meridional overturning cells, revealing the atmospheric interdecadal variability is dominated by an annular mode, in both hemispheres, which introduces in the ocean a set of patterns of variability. The most energetic EOFs in the ocean are the barotropic responses from the annular mode. The interaction between the heat anomalies, due to the barotropic response, and the thermohaline circulation of each basin leads to a resonance mechanism that feeds back to the atmospheric forcing, modulating the annular mode spectrum. Besides the barotropic response, the annular mode introduces anomalies of salinity and temperature in the subtropical Atlantic that affects its upper buoyancy. These anomalies are incorporated within the ocean circulation and advected until the areas of deep sinking in the northern Atlantic, impacting on its overturning circulation as well
Descripción12 pages, 11 figures, supplementary data https://doi.org/10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2017.11.004
Versión del editorhttps://doi.org/10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2017.11.004
Identificadoresdoi: 10.1016/j.dynatmoce.2017.11.004
issn: 0377-0265
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