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dc.contributor.authorKyba, Christopher C. M.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorKuester, Thereses_ES
dc.contributor.authorSánchez de Miguel, A.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorBaugh, Kimberlyes_ES
dc.contributor.authorJechow, Andreases_ES
dc.contributor.authorHölker, Franzes_ES
dc.contributor.authorBennie, Jonathanes_ES
dc.contributor.authorElvidge, Christopher D.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorGaston, Kevin J.es_ES
dc.contributor.authorGuanter, Luises_ES
dc.identifier.citationScience Advances 3(11): e1701528 (2017)es_ES
dc.description.abstractA central aim of the “lighting revolution” (the transition to solid-state lighting technology) is decreased energy consumption. This could be undermined by a rebound effect of increased use in response to lowered cost of light. We use the first-ever calibrated satellite radiometer designed for night lights to show that from 2012 to 2016, Earth’s artificially lit outdoor area grew by 2.2% per year, with a total radiance growth of 1.8% per year. Continuously lit areas brightened at a rate of 2.2% per year. Large differences in national growth rates were observed, with lighting remaining stable or decreasing in only a few countries. These data are not consistent with global scale energy reductions but rather indicate increased light pollution, with corresponding negative consequences for flora, fauna, and human well-being.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipThe authors acknowledge the funding received by ERA-PLANET (www.era-planet.eu) funded by the European Commission as part of H2020 (Horizon 2020) (H2020) (contract no. 689443). NOAA’s participation was funded by NASA’s VIIRS science program (contract number NNH15AZ01I). A.S.d.M.’s contribution was funded by ORISON project (H2020-INFRASUPP-2015-2) Cities at Night. Image and data processing was performed by NOAA’s National Geophysical Data Center. Figs. 1, 2, and 5 were created using ArcGIS software by Esri.es_ES
dc.description.sponsorshipWe acknowledge support by the CSIC Open Access Publication Initiative through its Unit of Information Resources for Research (URICI).-
dc.publisherAmerican Association for the Advancement of Sciencees_ES
dc.relation.isversionofPublisher's versiones_ES
dc.titleArtificially lit surface of Earth at night increasing in radiance and extentes_ES
dc.description.peerreviewedPeer reviewedes_ES
dc.contributor.funderEuropean Commissiones_ES
dc.contributor.funderNational Aeronautics and Space Administration (US)es_ES
dc.contributor.funderCSIC - Unidad de Recursos de Información Científica para la Investigación (URICI)-
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