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Effect of antibiotics on bacterial populations: a multi-hierachical selection process

AuthorsMartínez, J. L.
Issue Date2017
PublisherFaculty of 1000
CitationF1000Research 6: 51 (2017)
AbstractAntibiotics have been widely used for a number of decades for human therapy and farming production. Since a high percentage of antibiotics are discharged from the human or animal body without degradation, this means that different habitats, from the human body to river water or soils, are polluted with antibiotics. In this situation, it is expected that the variable concentration of this type of microbial inhibitor present in different ecosystems may affect the structure and the productivity of the microbiota colonizing such habitats. This effect can occur at different levels, including changes in the overall structure of the population, selection of resistant organisms, or alterations in bacterial physiology. In this review, I discuss the available information on how the presence of antibiotics may alter the microbiota and the consequences of such alterations for human health and for the activity of microbiota from different habitats.
Publisher version (URL)https://doi.org/10.12688/f1000research.9685.1
Identifiersdoi: 10.12688/f1000research.9685.1
e-issn: 2046-1402
Appears in Collections:(CNB) Artículos
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